Genus Barathronus

A small group of gelatinous cusks with the following combination of characters: elongate body; united dorsal, caudal and anal fins; loose, transparent, scaleless skin; deep-set eyes; an oblique mouth with toothed palatines and 2–11 fangs on the vomer; a short pectoral-fin peduncle, as long as high; 20–35 long rakers on the first gill arch; 62–85 dorsal-fin rays, 9-10 caudal-fin rays, 46–73 anal-fin rays and 21–27 pectoral-fin rays; precaudal vertebrae 31–39,  total vertebrae 67–89; ripe males with penis length up to 15% SL, paired claspers developed or not.
Author: Bray, D.J. 2022

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Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Barathronus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 15 Jul 2024,


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Nielsen, J.G. 1969. Systematics and biology of the Aphyonidae (Pisces : Ophidioidea). Galathea Report 10: 1-90 figs 1-57 pls 1-4 .

Nielsen. J.G. 1999. Families Carapidae, Ophidiidae, Bythitidae, Aphionidae. pp. 1978-1985 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068

Nielsen, J.G., Cohen, D.M., Markle, D.F. & Robins, C.R. 1999. Ophidiiform Fishes of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 18. 178 pp. 

Nielsen, J.G. & Møller, P.R. 2008. New and rare deep-sea ophidiiform fishes from the Solomon Sea caught by the Danish Galathea 3 Expedition. Steenstrupia 30(1): 21-46.

Nielsen, J.G., Pogonoski, J.J. & Appleyard, S.A. 2019. Aphyonid-clade species of Australia (Teleostei, Bythitidae) with four species new to Australian waters and a new species of BarathronusZootaxa 4564(2): 554–572,