Red-and-black Eviota, Eviota dorsogilva Greenfield & Randall 2011

Other Names: Blackbelly Goby, Blackbelly Pygmy Goby, Black-spot Pygmy-goby, Creamback Dwarfgoby

A Red-and-black Eviota, Eviota dorsogilva, in Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, November 2014. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A dwarfgoby with a broad stripe along the head and lower body that is black on the lower portion and reddish-brown above, and ends in a dark semi-circle on the caudal-fin base, and a narrow white line across the iris above the pupil.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Eviota dorsogilva in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Jun 2023,

Red-and-black Eviota, Eviota dorsogilva Greenfield & Randall 2011

More Info


Offshore reefs of north Western Australia, (Clerke Reef to Scott Reef), and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the east-Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits sheltered reefs, forming groups among branches of Acropora corals in depths to bout 30 m.


Dorsal fin VI + I, 9-10; Anal fin I, 8-9: Pectoral fin 16-17; Longitudinal scale series 23-24.
Body depth 3.5-5.1 in SL; pectoral-fin rays simple; spinous dorsal elongate or filamentous in both sexes; genital papilla nonfimbriate; scales ctenoid except cycloid on breast, absent from head, nape and pectoral-fin base; pelvic fins separated, bases joins by thin membrane, fifth pelvic-fin ray well developed.


In Australia, this species has previously been misidentified as Eviota nigriventris
Greenfield & Tornabene (2014) suggested that the identity of the Australian material was as genetic studies suggested that E. dorsogilva may be restricted to Fiji. 


The specific name dorsogilva is from dorso- (= back) and gilvus (= pale yellow) in reference to the colour of the body above the lateral line.

Species Citation

Eviota dorsogilva Greenfield & Randall, 2011, Zootaxa 2997: 56, figs 5–9, 11–15, 20. Type locality: north shore, reef east of Nananui-i-Cake reef, Viti Levu, Fiji (17.3334°S, 178°2729°E). 


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Red-and-black Eviota, Eviota dorsogilva Greenfield & Randall 2011


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Greenfield, D.W. 2017. An overview of the dwarfgobies, the second most speciose coral-reef fish genus (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 29: 32-54.

Greenfield, D.W. & Randall, J.E. 2011. Two new Indo-Pacific species in the Eviota nigriventris complex (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 2997: 54-66.

Greenfield, D.W. & Randall, J.E. 2016. A review of the dwarfgobies of Fiji, including descriptions of five new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 20: 25-75.

Greenfield, D.W. & Tornabene, L. 2014. Eviota brahmi n. sp. from Papua New Guinea, with a redescription of Eviota nigriventris (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 3793(1): 133-146

Greenfield, D.W. & Winterbottom, R. 2016. A key to the dwarfgoby species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota) described between 1871 and 2016. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 24: 35–90.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. (as Eviota nigriventris)

Lachner, E.A. & Karnella, S.J. 1980. Fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Eviota with descriptions of eight new species (Teleostei : Gobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 315: 1-127 figs 1-66 (as Eviota nigriventris, in part)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (as Eviota nigriventris)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (as Eviota nigriventris)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428438

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-31 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:1.3 cm SL

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CAAB distribution map