Masked Stingaree, Trygonoptera personata Last & Gomon 1987


Masked Stingaree, Trygonoptera personata. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A yellowish-brown to greyish stingaree with two large dark blotches on the disc, one forming a "mask" around the eyes and the other centred on the disc. The blotches may be connected by thin medial and lateral lines. Juveniles have black dorsal and caudal fins, fading to grey in adults.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Trygonoptera personata in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Jul 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/1678

Masked Stingaree, Trygonoptera personata Last & Gomon 1987

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to Western Australia from Geographe Bay in the south, to Shark Bay. Inhabits sandy areas and seagrass beds, commonly in offshore waters at depths to 115 m.

Features

Disc not especially broad, subcircular, mostly wider than long; broadest part slightly more than eye diameter behind level of spiracles; anterior profile obtuse. Snout fleshy, tip not extended. Eye of moderate size (21-28% preocular snout length). Posterior margin of spiracle mostly angular. Mouth small; 3-4 papillae on floor. Internasal flap skirt-shaped, posterior angle not extended into distinct lobe. Posterolateral border of nostril forming a broad flattened, fleshy lobe. Tail slightly depressed to rounded in cross-section; of moderate length (67-86% disc length); lateral cutaneous folds absent; dorsal fin small; caudal fin lanceolate in young, shorter and broader in adults.

Size

Male disc width (DW) 27 cm; female DW 31 cm.

Colour

Ochre to greyish above with two large dark blotches, one forming a "mask" around the eyes, the other centred on the disc; blotches may be connected by thin lines along the midline and either side; ventral surface white, becoming darker at fin margins. Juveniles with black dorsal and caudal fins, becoming grey in adults.

Feeding

Feeds mostly on polychaete worms and crustaceans, but also consumes sipunculid worms, molluscs, and echinoderms.

Biology

Individuals mature at 4 years of age, females at 23 cm TL (total length) and males at 22 cm TL, and may reach 16 years of age. The species is aplacental viviparous, fecundity is low with females usually producing 1-2 pups per litter; size at birth ~ 20 cm TL.

Fisheries

Although taken as bycatch in scallop and prawn fisheries in small parts of its range, individuals are usually released alive.

Similar Species

Readily distinguished from the sympatric congeners, Striped Stingaree, Trygonoptera ovalis and the Western Shovelnose Stingaree, T. mucosa, by colour pattern, disc shape and dorsal-fin size.

Etymology

The specific name is from the Latin personatus, meaning "masked", in reference to the mask-like appearance of the dark pattern adjacent the eyes.

Species Citation

Trygonoptera personata Last & Gomon 1987, Mem. Mus. Vict. 48(1): 65, fig. 2. Type locality: north-east of Cape Naturaliste, Western Australia [33°01´S, 115°10´E]. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Masked Stingaree, Trygonoptera personata Last & Gomon 1987

References


Campbell, M.J., McLennan, M.F., Courtney, A.J. & Simpfendorfer, C.A. 2018. Post-release survival of two elasmobranchs, the eastern shovelnose ray (Aptychotrema rostrata) and the common stingaree (Trygonoptera testacea), discarded from a prawn trawl fishery in southern Queensland, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 69: 551–561.

Hoschke, A., Whisson, G. & Moore, G.I. 2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161 in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth : Aqua Research and Monitoring Services.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs. 

Hyndes, G.A., Platell, M.E., Potter, I.C. & Lenanton, R.C.J. 1999. Does the composition of the demersal fish assemblages in temperate coastal waters change with depth and undergo consistent seasonal changes? Marine Biology 134: 335-352.

Kyne, P.M. & White, W.T. 2019. Trygonoptera personata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T60084A68648341. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T60084A68648341.en. Downloaded on 21 September 2020.

Last, P.R. & Compagno, L.V.J. 1999. Family Urolophidae. pp. 1469-1476 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Last, P.R & Gomon, M.F. 1987. New Australian fishes. Part 15. New species of Trygonoptera and Urolophus (Urolophidae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 48(1): 63-72 https://doi.org/10.24199/j.mmv.1987.48.15

Last, P.R. & Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Urolophidae. pp. 172-181 figs 150-159 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Canberra : CSIRO Australia 513 pp. 84 pls. 

Last, P.R. & Stevens, J.D. 2009. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Australia 2, 550 pp. 

Last, P.R. & Yearsley, G.K. 2008. Trygonoptera galba sp. nov., a new stingaree (Myliobatoidei: Urolophidae) from southwestern Australia. pp. 269-274 in Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds). Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper No. 022: 1-358

Last, P.R., Yearsley, G.K. & White, W.T. 2016. Family Urolophidae pp. 676-705. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., de Carvalho, M.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W. & & Naylor, G.J.P. (eds) Rays of the World. Clayton South, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing 790 pp.

Platell, M.E. & Potter, I.C. 2001. Partitioning of food resources amongst 18 abundant benthic carnivorous fish species in marine waters on the lower west coast of Australia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 261(1): 31-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0981(01)00257-X

Platell, M.E., Potter, I.C. & Clarke, K.R. 1998. Resource partitioning by four species of elasmobranchs (Batoidea: Urolophidae) in coastal waters of temperate Australia. Marine Biology 131: 719-734. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002270050363

White, W.T. & Potter, I.C. 2005. Reproductive biology, size and age compositions and growth of the batoid Urolophus paucimaculatus, including comparisons with other species of the Urolophidae. Marine and Freshwater Research 56(1): 101-110.

White, W.T., Hall, N.G. & Potter, I.C. 2002. Reproductive biology and growth during pre- and postnatal life of Trygonoptera personata and T. mucosa (Batoidea: Urolophidae). Marine Biology 140(4): 699-712

Yearsley, G.K. & Last, P.R. 2016. A new genus of stingarees (Myliobatiformes: Urolophidae) with comments on other urolophid genera and an annotated checklist of species. pp. 35-40 in Last, P.R., White, W.T., de Carvalho, M.R., Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W. & & Naylor, G.J.P. (eds) Rays of the World. Clayton South, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing 790 pp.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37038017

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Danger:Venomous spine

Depth:0-115 m

Habitat:Sandy & seagrass areas

Max Size:55 cm TL

Native:Endemic

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