Spangled Tubeshoulder, Persparsia kopua (Phillipps 1942)

A Spangled Tubeshoulder, Persparsia kopua, from south of Norfolk Island, between the surface and 1202 m in international waters south of Norfolk Island, June 2003 (NMNZ P.39532). Source: Kerryn Parkinson / NORFANZ founding parties. License: All rights reserved

A tubeshoulder with relatively large, regular photophores on the head and lower parts of the body.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Persparsia kopua in Fishes of Australia, accessed 16 Apr 2024,

Spangled Tubeshoulder, Persparsia kopua (Phillipps 1942)

More Info


East of Newcastle, New South Wales, to SW of Point Culver, Western Australia, and around Tasmania; also Barcoo Seamount, Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is southern circumglobal in temperate waters (except South America).


All platytroctids have a postcleithral luminous gland that releases a luminescent secretion which presumably startles or blinds predators, allowing the fish to escape.

Species Citation

Bathytroctes kopua Phillipps 1942, Rec. Dominion Mus. 1(1): 49, pl. 16(1). Type locality: Cook Strait, New Zealand, depth 100 fathoms, stomach content.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Spangled Tubeshoulder, Persparsia kopua (Phillipps 1942)


Flynn, A.J. & Pogonoski, J.J. 2012. Guide to Mesopelagic Fishes of the Southern Tasman Sea. Hobart, Australia : CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research i-v + 221 pp. 

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Family Platytroctidae. 245 fig. 219 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Matsui, T. & Rosenblatt, R.H. 1971. Ontogenetic changes in pattems of light organs in searsids and the taxonomy of Sagamichthys and Persparsia. Copeia 1971: 440-448.

Matsui, T. & Rosenblatt, R.H. 1986. Family No. 65: Platytroctidae. pp. 223-225 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Matsui, T. & Rosenblatt, R.H. 1987. Review of the deep-sea fish family Platytroctidae (Pisces: Salmoniformes). Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography 26: 1-159 

Parr, A.E. 1951. Preliminary revision of the Alepocephalidae, with the introduction of a new family, Searsidae. American Museum Novitates 1531: 1-21 (as Persparsia taaningi)

Parr, A.E. 1960. The fishes of the family Searsidae. Dana Reports 51: 1-109 figs 1-73 

Phillipps, W.J. 1942. New records of bathypelagic fishes from Cook Strait. Records of the Dominion Museum 1(1): 49-54 figs 16-17 

Sazonov, Yu.I. 1986: Morphology and classification of the fishes of the family Platytroctidae (Salmoniformes, Alepocephaloidei). Tr. Inst Okeanol. Akad. Nauk SSSR 121: 51-96. (in Russian with English summary)

Sazonov, Yu.I. 1996. Morphology and significance of the luminous organs in alepocephaloid fishes, pp. 151-163. In: Uiblein, F., Ott, J., Stachowitsch, M. (eds) Deep-sea and extreme shallow-water habitats: affinities and adaptations. Biosystematics and Ecology Series 11 PDF

Williams, A. & Sazonov, Y.I. 2008. Family Alepocephalidae and Platytroctidae. pp. 201-210 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Williams, A. & Stewart, A.L. 2015. Family Platytroctidae. pp. 346-353 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 2 pp. 1-576. Y

Young, J.W., Lamb, T.D. & Bradford, R.W. 1996. Distribution and community structure of midwater fishes in relation to the subtropical convergence off eastern Tasmania, Australia.l. Marine Biology 126(4): 571-584

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37115001


Depth:650-1500 m

Habitat:Mesopelagic, bathypelagic

Max Size:14 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map