Spotted Sardine, Amblygaster sirm (Walbaum 1792)

Other Names: Northern Pilchard, Spotted Sardinella

A Spotted Sardine, Amblygaster sirm, from the Philippines. Source: Rodolfho B. Reyes / FishBase. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A schooling species with a series of 10-20 golden to brown spots along the side.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Amblygaster sirm in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 May 2023,

Spotted Sardine, Amblygaster sirm (Walbaum 1792)

More Info


Shark Bay, Western Australia, to Hayman Island  Queensland. Occurs elsewhere in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
A schooling species found in lagoons and coastal waters.


Dorsal fin 13-21; Anal fin 12-23. 
Scutes not prominent. 


Feeds mainly on copepods, larval crustacean, bivalves and gastropods. 


Used as baitfish in the tuna industry.

Similar Species

Differs from Amblygaster leiogaster in having a series of 10 to 20 gold spots along the side, more lower gill rakers.

Species Citation

Clupea herangus sirm Walbaum 1792, Petri Artedi renovati. Part 3: 38. Type locality: Red Sea.


Dianne J. Bray


Australian Faunal Directory

Spotted Sardine, Amblygaster sirm (Walbaum 1792)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Blaber, S.J.M., D.T. Brewer & A.N. Harris. 1994. Distribution, biomass and community structure of demersal fishes of the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 45(3):375-396.

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Karunasinghe, W.P.N. & M.J.S. Wijeyaratne 1991. Population dynamics of trenched sardine Amblygaster sirm (Clupeidae) in the western coastal waters of Sri Lanka. Asian Fish. Sci. 4(3): 329-334.

Milton, D.A., SJ.M. Blaber  N.J.F. Rawlinson. 1994. Reproductive biology and egg production of three species of Clupeidae from Kiribati, tropical central Pacific. Fish. Bull. 92(1): 102-121.

Munroe, T.A., Wongratana, T. & Nizinski, M.S. 1999. Family Clupeidae. pp. 1775-1821 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Russell, B.C. & W. Houston. 1989. Offshore fishes of the Arafura Sea. The Beagle 6(1): 69-84.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Walbaum, J.J. 1792. Petri Artedi renovati. Part 3. Petri Artedi sueci genera Piscium in quibus systema totum ichthyologiae. Grypeswaldiae 723 pp. 3 pls.

Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985. FAO species catalog. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). Part 1 — Chirocentridae, Clupeidae and Pristigasteridae. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 7 Pt 1. pp. 1-303

Whitley, G.P. 1937. Further ichthyological miscellanea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 11(2): 113-148 figs 11-13 (as a new spsecies, Sardinops dakini)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37085006

Depth:1-50 m


Habitat:Pelagic, coastal waters

Max Size:27 cm SL

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CAAB distribution map