Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904

Other Names: Kermadec Rattail

Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus. Source: Robin McPhee & Mark McGrouther. License: © NORFANZ Founding Parties


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Bray, D.J. & G. Frankham, Coelorinchus kermadecus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904

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Temperate and tropical Southwestern Pacific; known from the Kermadec Islands in New Zealand to south of New Caledonia and southeastern Australia; benthopelagic on the continental slope in 620-1500 m; in Australian waters, mostly collected in 790-1050 m.


D II, 7-9; P i16-i19; V 7; GR 7-9; PC 10-12.
Body elongate, head moderate, ridges not especially coarsely and sharply spined; snout long, sharply pointed, much longer than orbit diameter, anterolateral margin incompletely supported by bone; underside of head covered with small scales, nasal fossa finely scaled ventrally. Body scales with 4-7 more-or-less parallel rows of broadly triangular spinules, middle row the largest. Light organ short, not externally visible.


A large species, reaching a total length of about 60 cm.


Overall greyish/brown to dark brown, no violet or purplish tinge; fins dusky to blackish; mouth dark grey to blackish, area surrounding anus bluish, but colour not extending to bases of pelvic fins.




Of no commercial importance.


Not evaluated.

Species Citation

Coelorhynchus kermadecus Jordan, Gilbert & Starks, 1904, Bull. U.S. Fish Comm. for 1902 22: 619, Kermadec Island.


Bray, D.J. & G. Frankham

Kermadec Whiptail, Coelorinchus kermadecus Jordan & Gilbert 1904


Bray, D.J., D.F. Hoese, J.R. Paxton & J.E. Gates. 2006. Macrouridae (pp. 581-607). In Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, G.R. Allen, J.R. Paxton, P.L. Beesley & A. Wells (Eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. Fishes. CSIRO Publishing & the Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), 3 vols., 2248 pp.

Iwamoto, T. 1999. Order Gadiformes. In Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem. Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Batoid fishes, chimeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.

Iwamoto, T. & Graham, K.J. 2001. Grenadiers (Families Bathygadidae and Macrouridae, Gadiformes, Pisces) of New South Wales, Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 52(21): 407-509, figs. 1-114.

Iwamoto, T. & Merrett, N.R. 1997. Pisces Gadiformes; Taxonomy of Grenadiers of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific, pp. 473-570 In Crosnier, A (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 18. Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., 176.

Iwamoto, T. & Williams, A. 1999. Grenadiers (Pisces, Gadiformes) from the continental slope of western and northwestern Australia. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 51(3): 105-243, figs. 1-58.

Merrett, N.R. & T. Iwamoto. 2000. Pisces Gadiformes: Grenadier fishes of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific Ocean. Taxonomy and distribution, with ecological notes, pp. 723-781 In Crosnier, R. (ed). Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, 21. Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 184.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37232040


Depth:790-1450 m



Max Size:600

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