Longray Whiptail, Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976

Other Names: Four-rayed Rattail, Longrayed Whiptail, Long-rayed Whiptail, Subserrulate Whiptail

Longray Whiptail, Coryphaenoides subserrulatus. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A whiptail with extremely elongated upper pectoral-fin and outer pelvic-fin rays, much longer than head length.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Frankham, G. 2018, Coryphaenoides subserrulatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Apr 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/3034

Longray Whiptail, Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976

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East of Broken Bay, New South Wales, to southwest of Beachport, South Australia, including Tasmania; also off Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in the Southern Hemisphere, on seamounts and ridges of the southern Indian Ocean, off southern Africa, South America, southeastern Australia and New Zealand. Benthopelagic at depths of 400-1400 m, usually 800-1000 m.


Dorsal fin II, 9-11; Pectoral fin 13-18; Pelvic fin 7; Gill rakers (inner) 16-19; Pyloric caecae 12-14.
Head short, eye longer than snout; snout short, slightly protruding, terminal and lateral tips with stout spiny scute; underside of snout naked, dorsal surface partly naked; suborbital with ridge of stout, coarsely thickened scales; chin barbel rudimentary, scarcely visible. Upper jaw teeth in narrow band, outer series slightly enlarged; lower jaw teeth in single row. 

Body scales densely covered with greatly reclined, broadly lanceolate spinules. 

Upper pectoral-fin ray and outer pelvic-fin ray extremely elongated, much longer than head.


Reaches a total length of 37 cm.


Overall silvery, sides of body with irridescent green tinge, fins dusky to blackish, mouth and gill cavities dark.


Trawled as bycatch in commercial fisheries and of minor commercial importance.


Species Citation

Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok, 1976, Okeanol. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 104: 144, figs. 1-6, south of New Zealand, off Campbell Plateau 52°20'S, 166°13'E.


Bray, D.J. & Frankham, G. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Longray Whiptail, Coryphaenoides subserrulatus Makushok 1976


Iwamoto, T. 1990. Family Macrouridae. pp. 90-318 in Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N. FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 10 442 pp. 

Iwamoto, T. & Anderson, E. 1994. Review of the grenadiers (Teleostei: Gadiformes) of southern Africa, with descriptions of four new species. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (61): 1-28.

Iwamoto, T. & Graham, K.J. 2001. Grenadiers (Families Bathygadidae and Macrouridae, Gadiformes, Pisces) of New South Wales, Australia. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 52(21): 407-509 figs 1-114 

Iwamoto, T. & McMillan, P.J. 2008. Family Macrouridae. pp. 320-347 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Iwamoto, T.  & Shcherbachev, Yu. N. 1991. Macrourid fishes of the subgenus Chalinura, genus Coryphaenoides, from the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 47(7): 207-233.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. 

Makushok, V.M. 1976. New species of rattails, Coryphaenoides subserrulatus n.sp. (Macrouridae, Osteichthyes) collected to the south of New Zealand. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii. Akademiya Nauk SSSR. Moskva 104: 144-155 figs 1-7 [in Russian] 

McMillan, P. 1994. Family Macrouridae. pp. 340-364 figs 304-325 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37232016

Biology:No light organ

Depth:400-1400 m


Max Size:37 cm TL

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