Pallid Pipehorse, Solegnathus sp.2 (of Kuiter)

Other Names: Hardwick's Pipehorse, Pallid Pipefish

Pallid Pipehorse, Solegnathus hardwickii, from the Lord Howe Rise, May 2003, depth ~100 m (Kuiter 2009 refers to this form as Queensland's Spiny Pipehorse, Solegnathus sp. 1). Source: NORFANZ Founding Parties. License: All rights reserved

An undescribed spipehorse species found off northern Australia. This species was previously known as Solegnathus hardwickii.
Kuiter (2009) regards Solegnathus hardwickii to be restricted to the Northern Hemisphere (type locality: China), and that the name has been misapplied to two undescribed species in Australia, one off west and northwestern Australia, and the other off the east coast. DNA barcoding of Australian material suggests that Kuiter is correct.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Solegnathus sp.2 (of Kuiter) in Fishes of Australia, accessed 08 Dec 2022,

Pallid Pipehorse, Solegnathus sp.2 (of Kuiter)

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Northeast of the Monte Bello Islands, Western Australia to north of Cartier Island, Timor Sea, to the Arafura Sea north of Maningrida, Northern Territory.
Inhabits areas with hard substrates, in association with gorgonian corals, black corals, algae and sponges.


Taken as bycatch in trawl fisheries.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Pallid Pipehorse, Solegnathus sp.2 (of Kuiter)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. (as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Dawson, C.E. 1982. Synopsis of the Indo-Pacific genus Solegnathus (Pisces : Syngnathidae). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 29(2): 139-161 figs 1-8 (as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Ocean Springs (Mississippi) : Gulf Coast Research Laboratory 230 pp. 293 figs pl.1. (Australian material as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 240 pp. (considers that the Australian specimens belong to two undescribed species)

Kuiter, R.H. 2009. Seahorses and their relatives. Seaford, Australia : Aquatic Photographics 331 pp. (considers that the Australian specimens of S. harwickii belong to two undescribed species)

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 (as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Martin-Smith, K.M. & Vincent, A.C.J. 2006. Exploitation and trade of Australian seahorses and their relatives (syngnathids). Oryx 40(2): 141-151.  

Martin-Smith, K.M., Lam, T.F.-N. & Lee, S.K.-H. 2003. Trade in Pipehorses Solegnathus spp. for Traditional Medicine in Hong Kong. Traffic Bulletin 19: 139–148.

Paulus, T. 1999. Family Syngnathidae. pp. 2264-2276 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. (Australian material as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Pollom, R. 2017. Solegnathus hardwickii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T20315A67623640. Downloaded on 16 January 2019. (Australian material as Solegnathus hardwickii)

Whitley, G.P. 1936. More ichthyological miscellanea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 11(1): 23-51 figs 1-6 pl. 4 (in part as Solegnathus fasciatus)

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CAAB Code:37282133


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