Blackedge Greeneye, Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus Kamohara 1953

Blackedge Greeneye, Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

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Bray, D.J. 2020, Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 02 Dec 2023,

Blackedge Greeneye, Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus Kamohara 1953

More Info


North of Port Hedland, Western Australia, to the Arafura Sea, Northern Territory. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, southeast-Indo-west Pacific: Indonesia,  east to the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, north to Taiwan, South China Sea and southern Japan, south to northern Australia.


Greeneyes are synchronous hermaphrodites, and are bioluminescent, with a ventral light organ.


The specific name nigromarginatus is from the Latin nigro- (= black) and marginatus (= bordered, margined), in reference to the black margins on the dorsal and caudal fins.

Species Citation

Chlorophthalmus acutifrons nigromarginatus Kamohara 1953, Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 3(1): 5, figs 3A, 4. Type locality: Mimase Market, Kochi, Japan.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Blackedge Greeneye, Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus Kamohara 1953


Bineesh, K.K., Akhilesh, K.V., Gomon, M.F., Abdussamad, E.M., Pillai, N.G.K. and Gopalakrishnan, A. 2014. Redescription of Chlorophthalmus corniger, a senior synonym of Chlorophthalmus bicornis (Family: Chlorophthalmidae). Journal of Fish Biology 84(2): 513-522.

Fricke, R. & Durville, P. 2020. Chlorophthalmus vulcanus, a new species of greeneye from La Réunion, southwestern Indian Ocean (Teleostei: Chlorophthalmidae). FishTaxa 17: 1-11. See ref online

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. 

Gomon, M.F. 2015. Families Chlorophthalmidae, Bathysauropsidae. pp. 547-552 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 2 pp. 1-576.

Gomon, M. F., Ward, R.D., Chapple, S. & Hale, J.M. 2014. The use of DNA barcode evidence for inferring species of Chlorophthalmus (Aulopiformes, Chlorophthalmidae) in the Indo-West Pacific. Marine and Freshwater Research 65: 1027–1034

Kamohara, T. 1953. A review of the fishes of the family Chlorophthalmidae found in the waters of Japan. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 3(1): 1-6 figs 1-4

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, H.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Paxton, J.R. & Niem, V.H. 1999. Families Aulopidae, Chlorophthalmidae, Ipnopidae, Scopelarchidae, Notosudidae. pp. 1919-1927 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 3 pp. 1397-2068.

Russell, B., Holleman, W., Fennessy, S. & Maunde, C. 2020. Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2020: e.T123322121A123322332. Downloaded on 19 October 2020.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37120004

Biology:Bioluminescent, hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:125-330 m

Habitat:Continental Shelf & upper Slope

Max Size:23 cm SL

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CAAB distribution map