False Lance Codlet, Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus Torii, Javonillo & Ozawa 2004

Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial


Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus is small, elongate, with jugular pelvic fins, a long slender ray extending from the top of the head, and long-based dorsal and anal fins. The species is characterised by having a rounded caudal fin, scales on the gill covers, dark pigment on top of the snout, the isthmus lacking pigment, and 58-67 dorsal-fin rays.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 08 Dec 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/Home/species/4573

False Lance Codlet, Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus Torii, Javonillo & Ozawa 2004

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Known from the tropical Indo-west Pacific, including the Taiwan Strait, southern East China Sea, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand, Timor Sea, Arafura Sea, and eastern Bay of Bengal. The species is pelagic over the continental shelf.


Meristic characters: Dorsal fin 58–64; Anal fin 58–67; Pelvic fin 52–55; Principal caudal-fin rays 14–16; Branched caudal fin rays 12-14; Lateral line scales ca. 68–77.

Body long slender, somewhat compressed. Head small, snout rounded, mouth oblique, subterminal, tip of upper jaw reaching to below pupil. Eye large, partially covered dorsally with an adipose eyelid.

Occipital ray originating on back of head, almost reaching dorsal-fin origin. Ray capable of being housed in a deep dorsal groove when laid back. Dorsal and anal fins similar, long-based. Both fins with three lobes, the first high anteriorly and triangular, followed by a low middle portion, and a moderately high posterior lobe. Pelvic fins jugular, rays greatly elongated, longest reaching about 2/3rds along anal fin. Caudal fin distinctly rounded.

Scales cycloid, present on operculum. Lateral line runs from top of gill cover along the dorsal profile of the body to midway along the posterior lobe of the dorsal fin, then angles diagonally downwards.


To about 90 mm SL.


In preservative, overall pale yellow to reddish brown, darker above and paler below. Top of snout with dark pigment, two pigment bands along upper part of body. Dark pigment on distal part of anterior and posterior lobes of dorsal fin, pectoral and caudal fins in large specimens.


Of no interest to fisheries.


Not assessed.


The species name pseudolanceolatus is from pseudo meaning false, pretend, or unreal and lanceolatus from the species name of Bregmaceros lanceolatus, to which B. pseudolanceolatus closely resembles.

Species Citation

Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus Torii, Javonillo & Ozawa 2004, Ichthyological Research 51(2) :110, Figs. 2B, 3B, 4B. 5B, 7, Bangkok Fish Market, Thailand.


Dianne J. Bray

False Lance Codlet, Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus Torii, Javonillo & Ozawa 2004


Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. [311] (as B. lanceolatus, presumed)

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 [23] (as B. lanceolatus)

Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E. & D.J. Bray 2006. Bregmacerotidae. pp. 620-622 in Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds). Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3 2178 pp. [622]

Torii, A., R. Javonillo & T. Ozawa. 2004. Reexamination of Bregmaceros lanceolatus Shen, 1960 with description of a new species Bregmaceros pseudolanceolatus (Gadiformes: Bregmacerotidae). Ichthyological Research 51(2): 106-112.

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CAAB Code:37225001

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