Coral Rabbitfish, Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835)

Other Names: Bluespotted Spinefoot, Coral Rabbit-fish, Coral Spinefoot, Ocellated Spinefoot, Orange Spinefoot, Pacific Coral Rabbitfish

A Coral Rabbitfish, Siganus corallinus, at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Queensland. Source: Graham Edgar / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution


An orange-yellow rabbitfish, with small blue ocelli on the head, chest and sides, and a dark smudge-like mark around the eye. Small juveniles have narrow blue vertical lines on the sides that fragment into ocelli with growth. 

A sting from the venomous spines of a Coral Rabbitfish may be very painful.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Siganus corallinus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Coral Rabbitfish, Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835)

More Info


Known in Australia from offshore reefs of north Western Australia (Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef) and Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef  to the Capricorn Group, Queensland; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean.

Adults are usually seen in pairs in coral rich areas, while small schools of juveniles often inhabit seagrass beds and branching corals on shallow reef areas.


Herbivore - feeds on benthic algae. Small juveniles browse on epiphytic growth on seagrasses, while adults consume coarser macroalgae.

Species Citation

Amphacanthus corallinus Valenciennes 1835, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 10: 139. Type locality: Seychelles and Java.


Bray, D.J. 2020


Atlas of Living Australia

Coral Rabbitfish, Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes 1835)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Bellwood, D.R., Goatley, C.H.R., Khan, J.A. & Tebbett, S.B. 2016. Site fidelity and homing in juvenile rabbitfishes (Siganidae). Coral Reefs 35(4): 1151-1155.

Carpenter, K.E., Lawrence, A. & Myers, R. 2016. Siganus corallinus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T69689242A115469109. Downloaded on 04 September 2019.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

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Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123.

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Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

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Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

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Woodland, D.J. 1990. Revision of the fish family Siganidae with descriptions of two new species and comments on distribution and biology. Indo-Pacific Fishes 19: 1-136 figs 1-23, 11 pls.

Woodland, D.J. 2001. Siganidae. pp. 3627-3650 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37438008

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Danger:Venomous spines

Depth:3-30 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:35 cm SL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map