Yellow-eye Puffer, Arothron immaculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

Other Names: Immaculate Pufferfish, Plain Toado, Yellow-eye Pufferfish, Yellow-eyed Puffer

A Yellow-eye Puffer, Arothron immaculatus, at Lembeh Strait, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Source: Robert A Patzner / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A pale greyish to pale brownish puffer becoming white below, with a large yellowish-brown to black blotch around the pectoral-fin base, yellowish dorsal and anal fins, and a yellow caudal fin with a broad dark margin. Individuals may display a mottled pattern.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Arothron immaculatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Apr 2024,

Yellow-eye Puffer, Arothron immaculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

More Info


Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia, to the Arafura Sea, Northern Territory, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and from Cape York to Shoalwater Bay, Queensland. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the Indo-west Pacific: East Africa through Indonesia, north to Japan.
Inhabits coral reefs, shallow estuaries, seagrass beds, mangroves, weed beds and silty areas adjacent to reefs.


Dorsal fin 9–11; Anal fin 9–10; Pectoral fin 16–19. 
Nasal organ with 2 bifid tentacles; a single lateral line on side of body; small spinules covering head and body, except around eye, gill opening, fins, and posterior caudal peduncle.

Similar Species

This species may be confused with the Narrowlined Puffer, Arothron maniliensis.


The specific name is from the Latin immaculatus (= spotless, unstained) presumably in reference to the lack of spots on the body.

Species Citation

Tetrodon immaculatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801, Systema Ichthyologiae: 507. Type locality: none specified.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Yellow-eye Puffer, Arothron immaculatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Blaber, S.J.M., Young, J.W. & Dunning, M.C. 1985. Community structure and zoogeographic affinities of the coastal fishes of the Dampier region of north-western Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 247-266.

Bloch, M.E. & Schneider, J.G. 1801. Systema Ichthyologiae Iconibus ex Illustratum. Berlin 584 pp. 110 pls. See ref at BHL

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. & Yoshino, T. (eds) 1984. The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokyo : Tokai University Press Vol. 1–2 437 pp. 247 figs 370 pls.

Randall, J.E. 1985. On the validity of the tetraodontid fish Arothron manilensis (Procé). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 32(3): 347-354 figs 1-4

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105

Shao, K., Liu, M., Jing, L., Hardy, G., Leis, J.L. & Matsuura, K. 2014. Arothron immaculatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T193805A2279861. Accessed on 21 February 2022.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467034


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:0-40 m

Habitat:Reef associated, estuaries, mangroves seagrass

Max Size:30 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map