Found worldwide with two species, one off Australia. Body fusiform; head very small, less than 25% SL (larger than 14cm SL); snout broadly rounded, short, length less than 5% SL in adults; eye very large; jaws short, upper not to rear of eye; maxillary without teeth; scales absent, no ring-like scales in lateral line but pored dermal tube well developed; many large, nodular photophores on head and body. Only to 20cm SL.
Williams, A. & Sazonov, Y.I. 2008. Family Alepocephalidae and Platytroctidae. pp. 201-210 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.