Genus Achoerodus


An endemic genus with two species, both confined to southern Australian waters.

  • Achoerodus Gill, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 15(5): 222.
    Type species:  Labrus gouldii Richardson, 1843 by original designation.

Body deep (32-41 % SL); hump developing on  forehead in large individuals; mouth moderately small, reaching distinctly short of eye; lips very fleshy, hood‑like; each jaw with 2 pairs of flattened canines at front, lateral teeth mostly embedded and fused with jaw, no enlarged canine at rear of upper jaw; scales moderately large, covering rear portion of head including cheeks, extending onto bases of dorsal and anal fins;  lateral line smoothly curved; caudal fin squared off but rounded at corners; pelvic fins short, tip reaching distinctly short of anus.

Key to species of Achoerodus.

1          Lateral-line scales 33–37;  scales above lateral line 7–7 ½ ..................................Achoerodus gouldii

            Lateral-line scales 41–45;  scales above lateral line 9–10 ½ ……..........................Achoerodus viridis

Author: Barry C. Russell & Martin F. Gomon

Cite this page as:
Barry C. Russell & Martin F. Gomon, Achoerodus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024,


Gill, T.N. 1863. Notes on the labroids of the western coast of North America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 15(5): 221-224 [222].

Gomon, M.F. 1997. Relationships of fishes of the labrid tribe Hypsigenyini. Bulletin of Marine Science 60(3): 789-871 figs 1-39, 4 tables

Gomon, M.F. &. Russell, B.C. 1994. Family Labridae. pp. 675-699 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Russell, B.C. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Labridae. pp. 638-659 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.