This genus contains a single widely distributed species, the Rudderfish, Centrolophus niger.
Body streamlined, moderately shallow, thick; caudal peduncle long, almost tubular; head small, thick, snout very blunt; mouth small, maxillae reaching below front of eyes, very slightly oblique; lateral line curved, about parallel to profile of back; head and trunk covered with small pores; pyloric caeca few, finger like; single elongate, low, fleshy dorsal fin with short soft spines grading into branched rays, origin well behind pectoral-fin bases, fin highest anteriorly, outer margin slightly concave; anal fin low, of moderate length, margin slightly concave; caudal fin lunate to slightly forked; pectoral fins small, rounded; ventral fins very small, thoracic.
Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Sphyraenidae to Centrolophidae. pp. 774-800 in Gomon. M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.
McDowall, R.M. 1982. The centrolophid fishes of New Zealand (Pisces : Stromateoidei). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 12(2): 103-142 figs 1-20
McDowall, R.M. 1994. Family Centrolophidae. pp. 832-838, figs 736-741 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.
Parin, N.V. & Piotrovsky, A.S. 2004. Stromateoid fishes (suborder Stromateoidei) of the Indian Ocean (species composition, distribution, biology, and fisheries). Journal of Ichthyology 44(Suppl. 1): 33-62