Sidespot Sandgoby, Fusigobius humeralis (Randall 2001)

Other Names: Shoulderspot Sandgoby

A Sidespot Sandgoby, Fusigobius humeralis, at Bali, Indonesia. Source: John E. Randall / FishBase. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A semi-transparent goby with numerous small dusky orange-yellow spots, those on head in oblique rows, a black spot as large or larger than pupil on shoulder just above pectoral-fin base, and a second similar-sized black spot on the middle of the caudal-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Fusigobius humeralis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 27 Sep 2020,

Sidespot Sandgoby, Fusigobius humeralis (Randall 2001)

More Info


In the Australian EEZ, recorded from Hibernia Reef, Timor Sea, and northern Queensland; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific. Inhabits mixed sandy & rubble areas near reefs at depths to 30 m.


Dorsal fin VI + I, 9; Anal fin I, 8; Pectoral fin 17-19; Longitudinal scale series 25; Vertebrae 26. 

Body depth 4.4-4.8 in SL; snout short, 3.4 - 3.7 in head; posterior nostril near edge of orbit. Head naked except for scales on side of nape reaching nearly to orbit. 
First dorsal fin not higher than second (longest dorsal soft finray longer than longest dorsal-fin spine); second or third dorsal-fin spine longest, 5.35-5.8 in SL. Pelvic fins fully joined medially by membrane (when intact); pelvic frenum present. 


Body translucent with numerous small dusky orange-yellow spots on head and body, those on head in oblique rows; a round black spot as large or larger than pupil in humeral region just above base of pectoral fin, and a second black spot of about the same size at mid base of caudal fin.


The specific name humeralis refers to the distinctive black spot on the shoulder region.

Species Citation

Coryphopterus humeralis Randall, 2001, Zoological Studies 40(3): 212, figs 5, 6. Type locality: Embudu Island, south Malé Atoll, Maldives.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Sidespot Sandgoby, Fusigobius humeralis (Randall 2001)


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012.Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Munroe, T.A. & Greenfield, D. 2016. Fusigobius humeralis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T193230A2212076. Downloaded on 10 January 2019.

Randall, J.E. 2001. Five new Indo-Pacific gobiid fishes of the genus Coryphopterus. Zoological Studies 40(3): 206-225. (as Coryphopterus humeralis)

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands.University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 pp. (as Coryphopterus humeralis)

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428339

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-30 m

Habitat:Reef associated, sand-rubble areas

Max Size:4.4 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map