Flame Snapper, Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862

Other Names: Deepwater Longtail Red Snapper, Flametail, Jobfish, Large-eyed Job-fish, Longtail Red Snapper, Long-tailed Ruby Snapper, Onaga, Red Snapper, Ruby Snapper

A Flame Snapper, Etelis coruscans, on Pagan Seamount in the Marianas, June 2016. Source: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research 2016 Deepwater Exploration of the Marianas. License: CC BY Attribution

A slender deep pink to reddish jobfish becoming pink below, with pink to reddish fins. The Flame Snapper has a small head, large eyes, and a deeply forked tail with very long upper and lower lobes. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Etelis coruscans in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1239

Flame Snapper, Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862

More Info


Off the Kimberley, Western Australia to off the Northern Territory, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to at least off Byron Bay, New South Wales; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, the Taupo Seamount and off Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific, including around isolated oceanic islands.
Inhabits deep coral and rocky reefs.


Dorsal fin X, 11; Anal fin III, 8. 
Interorbital space flat; maxilla covered with scales. Scales absent from dorsal and anal fin bases. Upper caudal lobe becoming greatly elongated with increased growth. Scale rows on back parallel with lateral line.


Feeds on fishes and larger invertebrates including squids, shrimps, crabs and pelagic organisms.


A relatively slow-growing and late to mature species, maturity at about 5 to 6 years, with a maximum age of at least 18 years. The species spawns during the summer months. Almost nothing is known about the biology or stock status of this species in Queensland waters (Sumpton et al. 2013). 


The species an important part of some deep-sea fisheries and is heavily fished in parts of its range. The Flame Snapper is taken in deepwater line fisheries off Queensland.

Species Citation

Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862, Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires) des Séances de l'Academie des Sciences 54: 1166. Type locality: Ile Bourbon.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Flame Snapper, Etelis coruscans Valenciennes 1862


Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp. 

Anderson, W.D., Jr. 1987. Systematics of the fishes of the family Lutjanidae (Perciformes: Percoidei), the snappers. pp. 1-31 in Polovina, J.J. & Ralston, S. (eds). Tropical Snappers and Groupers: Biology and Fisheries Management. Boulder : Westview Press Inc. 659 pp. 

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. 

Everson, A., Williams, H. & Ito, B. 1989. Maturation and Reproduction in Two Hawaiian Eteline Snappers, Uku, Aprion virescens, and Onaga, Etelis coruscans. Fishery Bulletin, US 878: 877-888.

Francis, M.P., Worthington, C.J., Saul, P., & Clements, K.D. 1999. New and rare tropical and subtropical fishes from northern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 33: 571-586.

Fry, G.C., Brewer, D.T. & Venables, W.N. 2006. Vulnerability of deepwater demersal fishes to commercial fishing: Evidence from a study around a tropical volcanic seamount in Papua New Guinea. Fisheries Research 81:126-141.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kramer, S.H., Kramer, S.M. & Newman, S.J. 1994. New deep-water fish records from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Pacific Science 48(1): 70-79 

Ralston, S. 1987. Mortality rates of snappers and groupers. pp. 375-404, in: J.J. Polovina & S. Ralston (eds) Tropical snappers and groupers. biology and fisheries management. Ocean Resour. Mar. Policy Ser. Westview Press, Inc., Boulder and London.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B., Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Lawrence, A., Carpenter, K.E., Myers, R. & Thaman, R. 2016. Etelis coruscans. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T194382A2327142. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T194382A2327142.en. Downloaded on 11 September 2017.

Sumpton, W., McLennan, M., Campbell, M. & Kerrigan, B. 2013. Assessing technology changes and risks to the sustainable management of deepwater line fisheries in southern Queensland. FRDC Project No: 2010/053 Final Report. Sustainable Fisheries Unit, Animal Science, Agri-Science Queensland, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Queensland, 71 pp.

Valenciennes, A. 1862. Description de quelques espèces nouvelles de poissons envoyees de Bourbon par M. Moul, directeur du Muséum d'Histoire naturelle de cette île. Comptes Rendus (Hebdomadaires) des Séances de l'Academie des Sciences. Série D. Sciences Naturelles 54: 1165-1170 

Williams, A., Last, P.R., Gomon, M.F. & Paxton, J.R. 1996. Species composition and checklist of the demersal ichthyofauna of the continental slope off Western Australia (20–35º). Records of the Western Australian Museum 18: 135-155.

Williams, A.J., Loeun, K., Nicol, S.J., Chavance, P., Ducrocq, M., Harley, S.J., Pilling, G.M., Allain, V., Mellin, C., Bradshaw, C.J.A. 2013. Population biology and vulnerability to fishing of deep‐water Eteline snappers. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 29(2): 395-403.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37346038

Danger:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:90-500 m

Fishing:Commercial fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:120 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map