Striped Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys bifurcatus Russell 1986


Other Names: Striped Trawl Wrasse, Striped Trawl-wrasse

A male Striped Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys bifurcatus. Source: Barry Hutchins / Western Australian Museum. License: All rights reserved

Summary:
A brownish wrasse becoming paler below with a  narrow broken strip along the mid-upper side, a black mid-lateral stripe, irregular dark spots along the back and dorsal-fin base, a dark spot on the pectoral-fin base and yellow dorsal, anal and caudal fins (terminal phase - male).
Females and juveniles (initial phase) lack dark stripes along the side, and have a faint dusky band from the snout to the eye, a series of irregular dark spots along the scaly base of soft dorsal fin, the last spot extending onto base of last three dorsal-fin rays, a blackish mark dorsally on caudal-fin base, and a black spot on upper pectoral-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Suezichthys bifurcatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 29 May 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/1259

Striped Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys bifurcatus Russell 1986

More Info


Distribution

Endemic to southern and south-western Australia, from southwest of Port Lincoln, South Australia, to Rottnest Island, Western Australia.
Inhabits rubble areas near algal-covered rocky reefs.

Fisheries

Occasionally taken as by-catch in bottom trawls.

Etymology

The specific name bifurcatus refers to the  bifurcate laterosensory canal tube of this species.

Species Citation

Suezichthys bifurcatus Russell 1986, Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Aust. 110(2): 59, figs 1-2. Type locality: Great Australian Bight, WA. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Striped Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys bifurcatus Russell 1986

References


Gomon, M.F. &. Russell, B.C. 1994. Family Labridae. pp. 675-699 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hoschke, A., Whisson, G & Moore, G.I. 2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161 in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth: Aqua Research and Monitoring Services.

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398.

Russell, B.C. 1986. A new species of Suezichthys (Pisces : Labridae) from the Great Australian Bight. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 110(2): 59-61. See ref at BHL

Russell, B.C. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Labridae. pp. 638-659 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Russell, B. & Sadovy, Y.J. 2010. Suezichthys bifurcatus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T154720A4617579. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T154720A4617579.en. Downloaded on 28 October 2016.

Russell, B.C. & Westneat, M.W. 2013. A new species of Suezichthys (Teleostei: Perciformes: Labridae) from the southeastern Pacific, with a redefinition of the genus and a key to species. Zootaxa 3640(1): 88-94

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384160

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Data Deficient

Depth:26-125 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:11 cm SL

Native:Endemic

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CAAB distribution map