Prickly Toadfish, Contusus brevicaudus Hardy 1981

Other Names: Hardys Toadfish, Prickly Pufferfish

A Prickly Toadfish, Contusus brevicaudus. Source: Rudie Kuiter / Aquatic Photographics. License: All rights reserved

A yellowish to pale grey puffer with pale greyish to brown spots and blotches on the sides and back, silvery-white below, and pale yellowish fins. 
The Prickly Toadfish differs from the Barred Toadfish in having a shorter caudal peduncle, dorsal and anal fins reaching or almost reaching the caudal-fin base, and the lower border of the eye well above the pectoral-fin base.

Pufferfishes are poisonous and should never be eaten or fed to pets.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Contusus brevicaudus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 25 Sep 2020,

Prickly Toadfish, Contusus brevicaudus Hardy 1981

More Info


Endemic to southern Australia from Jervis Bay, New south Wales, to Rottnest Island, Western Australia, including Tasmania. Taken from 0-20 m


The species is named brevicaudus because it has a significantly shorter caudal peduncle than Contusus richei. 

Species Citation

Contusus brevicaudus Hardy, 1981, N. Z. J. Zool. 8: 16, figs 1a, 3. Type locality: Emu Bay, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. 


Dianne J. Bray

Prickly Toadfish, Contusus brevicaudus Hardy 1981


Hardy, G.S. 1981. A redescription of the pufferfish Contusus richei (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae), and description of a second species of ContususNew Zealand Journal of Zoology 8(1): 11-23. PDF

Hardy, G.S. 1994. Family Tetraodontidae. pp. 902-912, figs 795-804 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs.

Hutchins, J.B. & Thompson, M. 1983. The Marine and Estuarine Fishes of South-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 103 pp. 345 figs.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37467044


Habitat:Weedy, sandy areas

Max Size:1-20 m

Max Size:26 cm TL


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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map