Distigma Eviota, Eviota distigma Jordan & Seale 1906


Other Names: Twospot Pygmy Goby

A Distigma Eviota, Eviota distigma, from Mururoa Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago, French Polynesia - USNM 408173. Source: Jeffrey T. Williams / Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A translucent greenish to yellowish pygmygoby with an internal series of 5-6 brownish bars (sometimes faint), the last a vertically elongate spot on the caudal peduncle, a pair of large dark brown spots on the pectoral-fin base (sometimes a single spot), numerous reddish to dark brown spots on the head, and a reddish-brown spot on each scale. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Eviota distigma in Fishes of Australia, accessed 02 Dec 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1346

Distigma Eviota, Eviota distigma Jordan & Seale 1906

More Info


Distribution

North West Cape to Kendrew Island, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland and reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the tropical east-Indo-west Pacific: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and the Austral Islands.
Inhabits sheltered reefs, forming groups among branches of Acropora coral, in depths to about 30 m

Features

Dorsal fin VI + I, 7-9; Anal fin I, 8-9; Pectoral fin 14-17; Longitudinal scale series 23-25.
Body depth 3.5-5.1 in SL; pectoral-fin rays simple; spinous dorsal-fin elongate or filamentous in both sexes; genital papilla nonfimbriate; ctenoid scales except cycloid on breast, none on head, nape and pectoral fin base; separated pelvic fins, bases joins by thin membrane; well developed fifth pelvic ray.

Colour


Etymology

The specific name distigma is from Greek prefix di- (= two) and stigma (= spot) in reference to the two black spots on the pectoral-fin base. 

Species Citation

Eviota distigma Jordan & Seale 1906, Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1905 25: 389, fig. 79. Type locality: Pago Pago, Tutuilla, Samoa. 

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Distigma Eviota, Eviota distigma Jordan & Seale 1906

References


Greenfield, D.W. 2017. An overview of the dwarfgobies, the second most speciose coral-reef fish genus (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 29: 32-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1115683

Greenfield, D.W. & Jewett, S.L. 2014. Two new dwarfgobies from the western Pacific (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Copeia 2014(1): 56-62.

Greenfield, D.W. & Randall, J.E. 2011. Two new Indo-Pacific species in the Eviota nigriventris complex (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 2997: 54-66.

Greenfield, D.W. & Randall, J.E. 2016. A review of the dwarfgobies of Fiji, including descriptions of five new species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 20: 25-75. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.48268

Greenfield, D.W. & Tornabene, L. 2014. Eviota brahmi n. sp. From Papua New Guinea, with redescription of Eviota nigriventris (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 3793(1):133-146.

Greenfield, D.W. & Winterbottom, R. 2016. A key to the dwarfgoby species (Teleostei: Gobiidae: Eviota) described between 1871 and 2016. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 24: 35–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.219620


Hoese, D.F. & Stewart, A.L. 2012. A new species of the gobiid genus Eviota (Teleostei: Gobioidei) from the Kermadec Islands, New Zealand. Zootaxa 3418: 61-67.

Jordan, D.S. & Seale, A. 1906. The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the Archipelago, with a provisional checklist of the fishes of Oceania. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries (U.S.) for 1905 25: 173-455 figs 1-111 pls 33-53 See ref at BHL


Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. (as Eviota nigriventris)

Lachner, E.A. & Karnella, S.J. 1980. Fishes of the Indo-Pacific genus Eviota with descriptions of eight new species (Teleostei : Gobiidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 315: 1-127 figs 1-66. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.315 (as Eviota nigriventris in part)
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (as Eviota nigriventris)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (as Eviota nigriventris)

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37428119

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-31 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:1.3 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map