Emerald Coralgoby, Paragobiodon xanthosoma (Bleeker 1852)

Other Names: Emerald Coral Goby, Golden Coralgoby, Yellow Coral Goby, Yellow Hairy Goby, Yellowskin Goby

An Emerald Coralgoby, Paragobiodon xanthosoma, in Ambon Bay, Moluccas, Indonesia, September 2014. Source: Jim Greenfield / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A uniformly greenish to yellowish coral goby that shelters among the branches of Seriatopora corals, especially the Bird's Nest Coral, S. hystrix.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Paragobiodon xanthosoma in Fishes of Australia, accessed 13 Jul 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/139

Emerald Coralgoby, Paragobiodon xanthosoma (Bleeker 1852)

More Info


Hibernia Reef, Cartier Reef and Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the Monte Bello Islands and Rowley Shoals, Western Australia, to Elizabeth Reef and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, New South Wales, including reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.
Lives in association with Seriatopora corals, especially the Bird's Nest Coral Seriatopora hyxtrix.


Dorsal fin VI + I, 89; anal fin I, 8-9; Pectoral fin 20-22; Longitudinal scale rows 22-24.
Body depth at Pelvic fins 2.6-3.1 in SL; head and nape covered in bristle-like cirri; scales ctenoid except on head, nape, prepectoral region, breast and midventral part of abdomen; pelvic-fin frenum and basal membrane complete.


Forms monogamous pairs.

Species Citation

Gobius xanthosoma Bleeker 1852, Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indiƫ 3: 703. Type locality: Wahia, Ceram.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Emerald Coralgoby, Paragobiodon xanthosoma (Bleeker 1852)


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2 

Arvedlund, M., P.L. Munday & A. Takemura. 2007. The morphology and ultrastructure of the peripheral olfactory organ in newly metamorphosed coral-dwelling gobies, Paragobiodon xanthosomus Bleeker (Gobiidae, Teleostei). Tissue and Cell 39: 335-342.

Bleeker, P. 1852. Nieuwe bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Ceram. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« 3: 689-714 

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Garman, S. 1903. Some fishes from Australasia. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 39(8): 229-241 pls 1-5 (as Gobius waitii)

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.) Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Hoese, D.F. 1986. Family No. 240: Gobiidae. pp. 774-807 figs in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. 

Larson, H. 2016. Paragobiodon xanthosomus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T193168A2203855. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T193168A2203855.en. Downloaded on 20 March 2019.

Larson, H.K. & Murdy, E.O. 2001. Eleotridae, Gobiidae. pp. 3574-3604 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 5(4): 510-629 pls 13-14 (as Gobius gibbosus and G. scabriceps)

Moore, G.I., Morrison, S.M., Hutchins, B.J., Allen, G.R. & Sampey, A. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 84: 161-206 

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Wong, M.Y.L. 2011. Group size in animal societies: the potential role of social and ecological limitations in the group-living fish, Paragobiodon xanthosomus. Ethology, 117: 638-644.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428216

Behaviour:Lives with Seriatopora corals

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-10 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:4 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map