Black Trevally, Caranx lugubris Poey 1860

Other Names: Black Jack

A Black Trevally, Caranx lugubris, in the Cayman Islands, 2001. Source: Jim Greenfield / FishBase. License: All rights reserved

A large brownish to greyish trevally with a black spot on the upper margin of the gill cover, and black scutes along the rear of the body. 
Video of a curious Black Trevally (aka Black Jack) 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Caranx lugubris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Black Trevally, Caranx lugubris Poey 1860

More Info


Dampier Archipelago, Rowley Shoals, and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia , to Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland; also reefs in the Coral Sea, the Lord Howe Island region in the Tasman Sea, and Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. There is also a single record from the Perth region. Elsewhere the species is circumglobal in tropical waters.
Usually inhabits deeper reefs in clear waters, around drop-offs on outer reefs. 


A large predator on outer reefs - feeds on fishes.


Of minor commercial value throughout its range, and taken mostly on hook-and-line. May be linked to ciguatera poisoning.

Species Citation

Caranx lugubris Poey 1860, Poissons de Cuba (1) Vol. 2: 222. Type locality: Cuba.


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Black Trevally, Caranx lugubris Poey 1860


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Feitoza, B.M., Rosa, R.S. & Rocha, L.A. 2005. Ecology and zoogeography of deep-reef fishes in northeastern Brazil. Bulletin of Marine Science 76(3): 725-742.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. 433 pp.

Ceccarelli, D., Choat, J.H., Ayling, A.M., Richards, Z., van Herwerden, L., Ayling, A., Ewels, G., Hobbs, J. –P. & Cuff, B. 2008. Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve Marine Survey – 2007. Report to the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts by C&R Consulting and James Cook University. 80 pp. 

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

 Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean a Natural History & Illustrated Guide. Sydney : University of New South Wales Press Ltd 266 pp. 

Poey, F. 1860. Memorias sobre la Historia Natural de la Isla de Cuba, acompañadas de sumarios latinos y extractos en francés. 49. Poissons de Cuba, espèces nouvelles (1). pp. 115–336 Habana Vol. 2 442 pp. 19 pls. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105 

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1984. Carangidae. pp. 1–12, 130 unnumbered pages, figs in Fischer, W. & Bianchi, G. (eds) FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Rome : FAO Vol. 1. 

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., Williams, J.T., Pina Amargos, F., Curtis, M. & Brown, J. 2015. Caranx lugubris. (errata version published in 2017) The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T16431757A115357187. Downloaded on 26 June 2017.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337053

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-380 m

Habitat:Reef associated, oceanic

Max Size:90 cm FL; 100 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map