Bluefin Trevally, Caranx melampygus Cuvier 1833

Other Names: Blue-fin Trevally, Blue-finned Trevally, Spotted Trevally

A Bluefin Trevally, Caranx melampygus, in the Society Islands, French Polynesia. Source: Rick Stuart-Smith / Reef Life Survey. License: CC By Attribution

A large trevally with a tapered snout, electric blue second dorsal, anal and caudal fins and numerous blue and black spots on the sides.

Video of Bluefin Trevally (Caranx melampygus) accompanying Smalltooth Emperor (Lethrinus microdon) and Redmouth Grouper (Aethaloperca rogaa) in pack-hunting behaviour in the Philippines.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Caranx melampygus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024,

Bluefin Trevally, Caranx melampygus Cuvier 1833

More Info


Recorded in Austtralia from Western North West Cape, Rowley Shoals, Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, WA, and NE of Darwin, NT, to Coila Lake, NSW; also at Norfolk Island, Lord Howe Island, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Island. Elsewhere, widespread in the tropical, Indo-Pacific.

Inhabits deeper lagoon and outer reefs, entering channels and shallower areas to feed.

Species Citation

Caranx melampygus Cuvier, 1833, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons: 116. Type locality:
Waigeo, Bourou, Vanicolo and Mauritius


Dianne J. Bray

Bluefin Trevally, Caranx melampygus Cuvier 1833


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Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.). Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1833. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 9 512 pp. pls 246-279.

Francis, M.P. 1991. Additions to the Fish Faunas of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 45(2): 204-220 figs 1-44

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6

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Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1985. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337050

Depth:1-190 m

Fishing:Commercial, gamefish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:120 cm TL; 15 kg

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map