Pacific Rockcod, Trachypoma macracanthus Günther 1859

Other Names: Pacific Perch, Pacific Rock Cod, Strawberry Cod, Toadstool Groper, Whitedotted Seabass

A Pacific Rockcod, Trachypoma macracanthus, off Malabar West, Lord Howe Island. Source: Andrew J. Green / Reef Life Survey. License: CC BY Attribution


A reddish-orange rockcod with very large eyes and covered in an irregular pattern of small whitish spots.

A Pacific Rockcod on 9 Mile Reef, Tweed heads, northern New South Wales.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Trachypoma macracanthus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Dec 2020,

Pacific Rockcod, Trachypoma macracanthus Günther 1859

More Info


Recorded in the Australian region from Tweed Heads to Shellharbour, NSW, and  Middleton Reef, Elizabeth Reef and Lord Howe Island, and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. Occurs elsewhere in Southern Oceania - eastern Australia and northern New Zealand to Easter Island and Desventuradas Islands off Chile. Inhabits rocky reefs in depths of 10-50 m.

Species Citation

Trachypoma macracanthus Günther, 1859, Cat. Fishes Brit. Mus. 1: 167. Type locality:  Norfolk Island.


Dianne J. Bray

Pacific Rockcod, Trachypoma macracanthus Günther 1859


Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp.

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp.
Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Francis, M.P., 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pac. Sci. 47(2):136-170.

Francis, M.P., 1996. Geographic distribution of marine reef fishes in the New Zealand region. N.Z. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 30:35-55.

Francis, M.P. & R.G. Cole. 2010. Diversity, biogeography and abundance of Kermadec Islands coastal fishes. Proceedings of the Kermadec Symposium, August 2010. 98p.

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93 in Hutchings, P. (ed.). Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp.

Günther, A. 1859. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Gasterosteidae, Berycidae, Percidae, Aphredoderidae, Pristipomatidae, Mullidae, Sparidae. London : British Museum Vol. 1 524 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 2004. Basslets, Hamlets and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to selected Serranidae and Plesiopidae. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 1, 216 pp.

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961]

Paul, L., 2000. New Zealand fishes. Identification, Natural history and Fisheries. Reed Books, Auckland.

Paulin, C., Stewart, A., Roberts, C. & McMillan, P. 1989. New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series 19: 1-279.

Waite, E.R., 1909. A list of the known fishes of Kermadec and Norfolk Islands, and a comparison with those of Lord Howe Island. Trans. N.Z. Inst. 42: 370-383. 

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37311164

Depth:10-50 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (ocassionally)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:22 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map