Graham's Swallowtail, Odontanthias grahami Randall & Heemstra 2006

Graham's Swallowtail, Odontanthias grahami, from off northern New South Wales - freshly dead holotype, AMS I.32142-010, 9.3 cm SL. Source: John E. Randall / FishBase. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial


A rare pale pink and yellow deepwater anthiid with a broad blackish-yellow submaginal band on soft portion of the dorsal fin, and the caudal fin with a yellow base and bright pink lobes and outer margins.

Graham's Swallowtail, known from very few specimens, may be a junior synonym of Odontanthias xanthomaculatus which was described from New Caledonia (Gill & Russell 2019).

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Odontanthias grahami in Fishes of Australia, accessed 04 Jul 2020,

Graham's Swallowtail, Odontanthias grahami Randall & Heemstra 2006

More Info


Endemic to eastern Australia from off Coolum, southern Queensland, to southeast of Kingscliff, northern New South Wales, at depths of 110-130 m.


Dorsal fin X, 14; Anal fin III, 7; Pectoral fin 16; Lateral-line scales 36-40; Gill rakers 13 + 30; Vertebrae 26.

Body depth 2.7 in SL; head length (HL) 2.85 in SL; large eye, orbit diameter 3.1 in HL; long spine at angle of preopercle, reaching margin of subopercle; triangular and tri-Iobed vomerine tooth patch; teeth absent on mesopterygoids; scales dorsally on snout almost reaching upper lip; naked mandible;

Third dorsal-fin spine elongate, 1.6 in HL; moderately prolonged as filaments are the rays of about anterior half of soft portion of dorsal fin, with the third finray longest; second anal-fin spine is slightly longer than third, 2.1 in HL; deeply emarginate caudal fin, its lobes tapering little and not pointed, fin length 2.5 in SL; pectoral fins 1.2 in HL; pelvic fins reaching third anal spine base, 2.95 in SL.


Named grahami for Ken J. Graham of New South Wales Fisheries who collected the holotype.

Species Citation

Odontanthias grahami Randall & Heemstra, 2006, Indo-Pacific Fishes 38: 17, figs 1H, 6, 7, pl. 4B. Type locality: off northern New South Wales, 28°27'S, 153°50'E to 28°24S, 153°49'E, depth 126-130 m.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Graham's Swallowtail, Odontanthias grahami Randall & Heemstra 2006


Gill, A.C. & Russell, B.C. 2019. Redescription of Anthias xanthomaculatus Fourmanoir and Rivaton, and its reassignment in the genus Odontanthias Bleeker (Teleostei: Serranidae: Anthiadinae). Zootaxa 4568 (1): 177–184

Randall, J.E. & Heemstra, P.C. 2006. Review of the Indo-Pacific fishes of the genus Odontanthias (Serranidae: Anthiinae), with descriptions of two new species and a related genus. Indo-Pacific Fishes 38: 1-32.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:3731192


Depth:110-210 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:9.4 cm SL


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