Longfin Shrimpgoby, Vanderhorstia longimana (Weber 1909)

Illustration of the holotype of the Longfin Shrimpgoby, Vanderhorstia longimanus. Source: Fig. 97, in Weber. 1913. Siboga-Expéditie Report 57 / Biodiversity Heritage Library. License: CC by Attribution

A small deep-dwelling shrimpgoby with a row of four dusky blotches along the side, pale spots on the head, the first three dorsal-fin spines greatly elongated and filamentous, and a long lanceolate caudal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Vanderhorstia longimana in Fishes of Australia, accessed 13 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/182

Longfin Shrimpgoby, Vanderhorstia longimana (Weber 1909)

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Off the off Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indonesia.


Diagnostic characters: 11 segmented rays on second dorsal fin; 30–31 longitudinal scale count; single predorsal scale; 8–9 transverse scale count from origin of second dorsal fin backward and downward to anal-fin base; pectoral-fin base scaled; anterior 3 spines of first dorsal fin greatly prolonged and filamentous, extending posteriorly to a little beyond base of seventh segmented ray of second dorsal fin; caudal fin long, lanceolate.


In preservative: cheek, operculum and nape with several pale spots; a series of 4 dusky blotches on side of body.


Lives in a symbiotic relationship with alpheid shrimps.


The specific name longimanus is from the Latin longus (= long) and manus (= hand), in reference to the long pectoral fins of this species that extend almost to below the middle of the second dorsal fin.

Species Citation

Gobius (Oxyurichthys) longimanus Weber 1909, Notes from the Leyden Museum 31(2): 154. Type locality: Ceram Sea, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Longfin Shrimpgoby, Vanderhorstia longimana (Weber 1909)


Allen, G.R., Erdmann, M.V. & Brooks, W.M. 2020. Vanderhorstia vandersteene, a new species of shrimpgoby (Pisces: Gobiidae) from Papua New Guinea. Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 35: 65-75 https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959464

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 

Iwata, A., Shibukawa, K. & Ohnishi, N. 2007. Three new species of the shrimp-associated goby genus Vanderhorstia (Perciformes: Gobiidae: Gobiinae) from Japan, with re-descriptions of two related congeners. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Ser. A Supplement 1: 185-205 

Shibukawa, K. & Suzuki, T. 2004. Vanderhorstia papilio, a new shrimp-associated goby from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan (Perciformes: Gobiidae: Gobiinae), with comments on the limits of the genus. Ichthyological Research 51(2): 113-119 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-004-0206-x

Weber, M. 1909. Note IV. Diagnosen neuer Fische der Siboga-Expedition. Notes from the Leyden Museum 31(2): 143-169 See ref at BHL

Weber, M. 1913. Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition. Siboga-Expéditie Report 57: 1-710 123 figs 12 pls See ref at BHL

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428382

Behaviour:Shares burrows with alpheid shrimps

Depth:118-165 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:2.5 cm SL

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CAAB distribution map