Dagger Tuskfish, Choerodon jordani (Snyder 1908)

Other Names: Jordan's Tuskfish, Jordan's Wrasse

A Dagger Tuskfish, Choerodon jordani, at North Solitary Island, December 2006. Source: Ian Shaw / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A small slender greyish tuskfish with a broad yellow lateral stripe becoming blackish towards to rear, a large pale oval patch below the rear of the dorsal fin base and upper part of the caudal-fin base, and the upper margin of the caudal fin dark in adults.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2023, Choerodon jordani in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/1925

Dagger Tuskfish, Choerodon jordani (Snyder 1908)

More Info


Houtman Abrolhos to Scott Reef, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, to the Solitary islands, New South Wales, with juveniles south to Barunguba (Montague Island) in southern New South Wales. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east-Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits sand and rubble areas along reef edges in depths of 5-73 m.


Dorsal fin XIII, 7; Anal fin III, 10. 


A protogynous hermaphrodite, with females changing sex to become males during their life cycle.


The species is named jordani in recognition of David Starr Jordan, the then President of Stanford University and accomplished ichthyologist.

Species Citation

Choerops jordani Snyder 1908, Proceedings of the United States National Museum 35(1635): 98. Type locality: Naha (Okinawa, Japan).


Bray, D.J. 2023


Atlas of Living Australia

Dagger Tuskfish, Choerodon jordani (Snyder 1908)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Hutchins, J.B. 1990. Fish survey of South Passage, Shark Bay, Western Australia. pp. 263-278 in Berry, P.F., Bradshaw, S.D. & Wilson, B.R. (eds). Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics 398 pp.

Gomon, M.F. 2017. A review of the tuskfishes, genus Choerodon (Labridae, Perciformes), with descriptions of three new species. Memoirs of Museum Victoria 76: 1-111 http://doi.org/10.24199/j.mmv.2017.76.01

Nanami, A. & Nishihira, M. 1999. Nest construction by the labrid fish Choerodon jordani (Snyder 1908). Coral Reefs 18(3): 292. 

Nanami, A. & Nishihira, M. 2002. The structures and dynamics of fish communities in an Okinawan coral reef: effects of coral-based habitat structures at sites with rocky and sandy sea bottoms. Environmental Biology of Fishes 63: 353-372.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Shea, S. & Liu, M. 2010. Choerodon jordani. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187612A8580867. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187612A8580867.en. Downloaded on 03 September 2017.

Snyder, J.O. 1908. Descriptions of eighteen new species and two new genera of fishes from Japan and the Riu Kiu Islands. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 35(1635): 93-111.

Takayanagi, Y., Sakai, Y., Hashimoto, H. & Gushima, K. 2003. Sleeping mound construction using coral fragments by the rockmover wrasse. Journal of Fish Biology 6: 1352-1356.

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384077

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-73 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:17 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map