Barred Longtom, Ablennes hians (Valenciennes 1846)

Other Names: Barred Long-tom, Barred Needle Fish, Flat Needlefish

A Barred Longtom, Ablennes hians, from General Santos Public Market, Saragani, Mindanao, Philippines. Source: Jeffrey T. Williams / Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A dark bluish longtom, with a silvery-white belly, 12-14 dark vertical bars along the sides, high falcate anterior lobes on the dorsal and anal fins, and an elevated black lobe on the rear of the dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Ablennes hians in Fishes of Australia, accessed 17 Jun 2024,

Barred Longtom, Ablennes hians (Valenciennes 1846)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from Carnac Island, WA, around the north to Wollongong, NSW, also Lord Howe Island. Elsewhere, the species is circumglobal in tropical waters.


Dianne J. Bray

Barred Longtom, Ablennes hians (Valenciennes 1846)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Collette, B.B. 1999. Family Belonidae. pp. 2151-2161 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 2069-2790 pp.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Mees, G.F. 1962. A preliminary revision of the Belonidae. Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) 54: 1-96 figs 1-11 pl. 1

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961]

Parin, N.V. 1967. Review of marine belonids of the western Pacific and Indian Oceans. Trudy Instituta Okeanologii. Akademiya Nauk SSSR. Moskva 84: 3-83 figs 1-25 [in Russian]

Valenciennes, A. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1846. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 18 505 pp. pls 520-553.

Whitley, G.P. 1947. Long toms. Australian Museum Magazine 9(5): 169-173.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37235001

Depth:1-10 m

Fishing:Minor commercial

Habitat:Pelagic, coastal waters

Max Size:140 cm TL

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CAAB distribution map