Spongyjaw Longtom, Tylosurus punctulatus (Günther 1872)

Other Names: Spongyjawed Needlefish, Spotted Long-tom

Illustration of Spongyjaw Longtom, Tylosurus punctulatus. Source: FAO / FishBase. License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

A needlefish with a relatively broad, short snout, a protruding lower jaw with a firm fleshy point that encloses the upper jaw, straight vertical teeth, and a deep median groove between the eyes that does not narrow anteriorly. Some individuals have orange spots on the sides.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Tylosurus punctulatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 08 Oct 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2099

Spongyjaw Longtom, Tylosurus punctulatus (Günther 1872)

More Info


Darwin, Northern Territory, to Bowen, Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west Pacific.


Dorsal fin 21-22; Anal fin 21. 
Snout relatively broad and short, lower jaw protruding with a firm fleshy point that encloses the upper jaw; teeth straight (vertical); gill rakers absent; interorbital with a deep median groove which does not narrow anteriorly.
Caudal peduncle with a small dermal keel; caudal fin forked with a long lower lobe.

Species Citation

Belone punctulata Günther 1872, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1871(3): 670. Type locality: Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Spongyjaw Longtom, Tylosurus punctulatus (Günther 1872)


Collette, B.B. 1999. Family Belonidae. pp. 2151-2161 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. 

Collette, B.B. 2003. Family Belonidae Bonaparte 1832 - needlefishes. California Academy of Sciences Annotated Checklists of Fishes No. 16: 1-22.

Günther, A. 1872. Report on several collections of fishes recently obtained for the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1871(3): 652-675 pls 53-70 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Mees, G.F. 1962. A preliminary revision of the Belonidae. Zoologische Verhandelingen (Leiden) 54( 1): 1-96. See ref online

Taylor, W.R. 1964. Fishes of Arnhem Land. Records of the American-Australian Scientific Expedition to Arnhem Land 4: 44-307 figs 1-68

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37235006

Depth:1-10 m

Habitat:Pelagic, inshore

Max Size:60 cm

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map