Sailfin Tang, Zebrasoma veliferum (Bloch 1795)


Other Names: Pacific Sailfin Tang, Purple Sailfinned Tang, Sailfin Surgeon, Sailfin Surgeonfish, Sail-finned Surgeon-fish, Sailfinned Tang

A Sailfin Tang, Zebrasoma veliferum, at Koror, Palau. Source: Mark Rosenstein / iNaturalist. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
A brownish tang with broad greyish-brown bars alternating with narrower yellow bars, dark greyish to brown dorsal and anal fins with pale bands, and a greyish-brown to yellow caudal fin. Small juveniles have alternating yellow and black bars.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Zebrasoma veliferum in Fishes of Australia, accessed 11 Jul 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/2205

Sailfin Tang, Zebrasoma veliferum (Bloch 1795)

More Info


Distribution

Rottnest Island to the Montebello Islands, and offshore reefs of Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea to Moreton Bay, Queensland, with juveniles to at least Sydney, New South Wales; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and Middleton Reef, Elizabeth Reef and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the tropical, west-central Pacific.
Individuals or occasionally pairs inhabit lagoon and outer reef areas from the lower surge zone to a depth of 45 m. Juveniles often shelter within branching corals.

Features

Dorsal fin IV, 29-33; Anal fin III, 23-26; Pectoral fin 15-17. 
Body depth 1.8-2.0 in SL; caudal peduncle with a retractable spine on each side; no brush-like patch of bristles posteriorly on side of body; dorsal fin very tall and sail-like, longest ray 2.1 to 2.5 times in SL.

Feeding

Herbivore - grazes on algal turf, and also consumes leafy macroalgae.

Remarks

This species has previously been referred to as Zebrasoma velifer.

Etymology

The specific name is from the Latin velifer (= sail bearing) presumably in reference to the very tall dorsal fin.

Species Citation

Acanthurus velifer Bloch 1795, Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische Vol. 9: 106, pl. 427, fig. 1. Type locality: seas of East Indies.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2019

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Sailfin Tang, Zebrasoma veliferum (Bloch 1795)

References


Abesamis, R., Clements, K.D., Choat, J.H., McIlwain, J., Myers, R., Nanola, C., Rocha, L.A., Russell, B. & Stockwell, B. 2012. Zebrasoma veliferum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T178010A1520055. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T178010A1520055.en. Downloaded on 20 March 2019.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island.Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Bleeker, P. 1854. Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van het eiland Flores. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 6: 311-338 (as Acanthurus hypselopterus)

Bloch, M.E. 1795. Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische. Berlin : J. Morino Vol. 9 192 pp. pls 397-429. 

Bloch, M.E. 1797. Ichthyologie, ou histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des poissons. Berlin Vol. 12 142 pp. pls 397–432

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.) Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. 

Guiasu, R.C. & Winterbottom, R. 1998. Yellow juvenile color pattern, diet switching and the phylogeny of the surgeonfish genus Zebrasoma (Percomorpha, Acanthuridae). Bulletin of Marine Science 63(2): 277-294. See ref online, open access

Hutchins, J.B. 1990. Fish survey of South Passage, Shark Bay, Western Australia. pp. 263-278 in Berry, P.F., Bradshaw, S.D. & Wilson, B.R. (eds). Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Johnson, J.W., 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Debelius, H. 2001. Surgeonfishes, Rabbitfishes and Their Relatives. A comprehensive guide to Acanthuroidei. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 208 pp.

Kuiter R.W. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Zoonetics, Australia pp. 623–893.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. 

Mundy, B.C. 2005. Checklist of the fishes of the Hawaiian Archipelago. Bishop Museum Bulletins in Zoology 6: 1-703 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp. 

Randall, J.E. 2001. Zanclidae, Acanthuridae. pp. 3651-3683 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105 

Swainson, W. 1839. The natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, and reptiles. In, Lardner, D. The Cabinet of Natural History. Vol. 2 London : Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & Longmans, and John Taylor 452 pp. 135 figs.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37437037

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-45 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:40 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map