Wilbur's Goby, Macrodontogobius wilburi Herre 1936

Other Names: Big-toothed Goby, Largetooth Goby

Wilbur's Goby, Macrodontogobius wilburi, in Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea. Source: Allen GR 2015 Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation 16: Fig. 11D. License: CC by Attribution

A pale brown to greenish-brown goby with a pale underside, brown and white spots on the body, pairs of large brown spots forming a mid-lateral row along the sides, a dark spot on the caudal-fin base, a brown blotch on the cheek, and a series of short brown bars along the back.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2016, Macrodontogobius wilburi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2244

Wilbur's Goby, Macrodontogobius wilburi Herre 1936

More Info


Monte Bello Islands, offshore reefs of Western Australia, and Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea to the Lord Howe island regions in the Tasman Sea; also reefs in the Coral Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific: from Seychelles eastward to Oceania.
Inhabits sandy, silty and sometimes turbid areas along reef margins in coastal bays, lagoons and estuaries.


This species is not obviously sexually dimorphic (Hoese 2015 Australian Faunal Directory).


The species is named after Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, whose support made it possible for the author to visit the Pelews.

Species Citation

Macrodontogobius wilburi Herre 1936, Philippine J.Sci. 59(2): 279, pl. 1(2). Type locality: Goror Reef, Belau (as Pelew Islands). 


Bray, D.J. 2016


Australian Faunal Directory

Wilbur's Goby, Macrodontogobius wilburi Herre 1936


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. (image of female only; image of male is a species of Exyrias

Francis, M.P. & Randall, J.E. 1993. Further additions to the fish faunas of Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 118-135 figs 1-22 pls 1-4 

Greenfield, D. & Munroe, T.A. 2016. Macrodontogobius wilburi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T193229A2211891. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T193229A2211891.en. Downloaded on 06 January 2017.

Herre, A.W. 1936. Fishes in the Zoological Museum of Stanford University. 3. New genera and species of gobies and blennies and a new Myxus from the Pelew Island and Celebes. Philippine Journal of Science 59(2): 275-287 figs 1-3 pl. 1 

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 3. Jawfishes - Sunfishes, Opistognathidae - Molidae. Melbourne : Zoonetics pp. 623–893.

Murdy, E.O. 1985. A review of the gobiid fish genera Exyrias and Macrodontogobius, with description of a new species of Exyrias. Indo-Pacific Fishes 10: 1-14 figs 1-3 pls 1-2 

Murdy, E.O. & Hoese, D.F. 1984. The monotypic gobiid fish genus Macrodontogobius, including synonymization of Gnatholepis hendersoni. Copeia 1984(1): 227-229 fig. 1 

Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (Image is of a different species)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (Image is of a different species)

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428187

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-30m (usually 1-10m)

Habitat:Reef associated, sandy/silty areas

Max Size:7 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map