Redblotched Wrasse, Coris aygula Lacépède 1801


Other Names: Clown Coris, False Clownwrasse, Humphead Wrasse, Hump-headed Wrasse, Red-blotched Rainbowfish, Twinspot Wrasse

A male Redblotched Wrasse, Coris aygula, on Ningaloo Reef, Coral Bay, Western Australia, June 2015. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
Males (terminal phase) dark bluish-green appearing blackish, often with a pale green bar behind the pectoral fin followed by one or more indistinct pale bars on side, and elongated anterior dorsal-fin spines.  

Females are pale greyish anteriorly with small dark spots, and dark grey posteriorly with a white bar separating the areas.
Juveniles are whitish with small black spots on head and anterior body and two ocelli on the dorsal fin, each with a large orange to reddish semi-circular marking below, and a black spot on the upper part of the caudal peduncle.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Coris aygula in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jul 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/2282

Redblotched Wrasse, Coris aygula Lacépède 1801

More Info


Distribution

Mandurah north to the Dampier Archipelago, and offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to northern New South Wales, with juveniles south to at least Bass Point; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Lord Howe Island region and Norfolk Island in the Tasman Sea. 
Elsewhere the species is widespread in the Indo-west-central Pacific, from the Red Sea and East Africa to the Line Islands and French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and the Kermadec Islands, New Zealand.
Inhabits sand and rubble patches adjacent to reefs.

Features

Dorsal fin IX, 12-13; Anal fin III, 12; Pectoral fin 13-14; Gill rakers: 18-21; Lateral-line scales: 59-67.
Body depth: 2.7-3.3 in SL; head scaleless except nape; a fleshy hump developing on forehead of large males. 
First two dorsal spines close together, elongated in males; space between second and third dorsal spines greater than spaces between remaining spines. Caudal fin rounded in juveniles, slightly rounded in females, truncate in males with prolonged rays free of membrane posteriorly. 

Feeding

Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates including crustaceans, molluscs and sea urchins and brittle stars.

Species Citation

Coris aygula Lacépède 1801, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons 3: 96, pl. 4(2). Type locality: Mauritius.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Redblotched Wrasse, Coris aygula Lacépède 1801

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. 2000. Fishes of the Montebello Islands. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 59: 47-57

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.
Allen, G.R., Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Randall, J.E., Russell, B.C., Starck, W.A., Talbot, F.H. & Whitley, G.P. 1976. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum 30(15): 365-454 figs 1-2

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 21 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 197 pp. 15 pls. 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Choat, J.H. & Pollard, D. 2010. Coris aygula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187802A8632709. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187802A8632709.en. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp.

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.)  Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp.

Hobbs, J.-P.A. & Allen, G.R. 2014. Hybridisation among coral reef fishes at Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Bulletin of the Raffles Museum Supplement 30: 220-226 See ref online 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 See ref online 

Hoschke, A., Whisson, G. & Moore, G.I. 2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161 in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth : Aqua Research and Monitoring Services.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.  

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398.

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 304-622.

Lacépède, B.G. 1801. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : chez Plassan Vol. 3 558 pp. 34 pls. (described as Coris aygula and Labrus cingulumSee ref at BHL

Lau, P.P.F. & Li, L.W.H. 2000. Identification guide to fishes in the live seafood trade of the Asia-Pacific region. WWF Hong Kong and Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, Hong Kong.

Macleay, W.J. 1883. Contributions to the knowledge of the fishes of New Guinea. No. 3. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 7(4): 585-598 (described as Coris cyanea)


Moore, G.I., Morrison, S.M., Hutchins, B.J., Allen, G.R. and Sampey, A. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 84: 161-206

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 


Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

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Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.


Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 


Russell, B.C. 2015. Tribe Julidini and Tribe Pseudolabrini. pp. 1374-1403 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748.

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Wood, E. 2001. Collection of coral reef fish for aquaria: global trade, conservation issues and management strategies. Marine Conservation Society, Ross-on-Wye, U.K.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384090

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:2-45 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:60 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map