False-eyed Wrasse, Halichoeres biocellatus Schultz 1960


Other Names: Biocellated Wrasse, Red-lined Wrasse, Twospot Wrasse

A female False-eyed Wrasse, Halichoeres biocellatus, at North Rinca Island, Indonesia. Source: zsispeo / Flickr. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike

Summary:
The False-eyed Wrasse can be identified by the small green spot or mark behind the eye, and broad red submarginal band on the caudal fin.
Males (terminal phase) are generally greenish-brown with orange and green stripes on the head that become greenish-brown bands on the rear of the body. 
Females (intermediate phase) are more colourful with pink, blue, and purple stripes on the body, and a pair of ocelli on the dorsal fin.
Juveniles (initial phase) have a series of orange, green and white stripes on the sides, a pair of ocelli on the dorsal fin, and a small black spot on the upper part of the caudal-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. & Thompson, A. 2020, Halichoeres biocellatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Dec 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/2289

False-eyed Wrasse, Halichoeres biocellatus Schultz 1960

More Info


Distribution

Cape Cuvier to the Murion Islands, and offshore reefs of north Western Australia, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to at least Seal Rocks, New South Wales, with juveniles to Montague Island. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east-Indo-west-central Pacific.
Inhabits seaward reefs, including reef crests and slopes, usually in areas of mixed coral, rocky or rubble-algae substrates with sand patches.

Fisheries

Traded in the aquarium industry.

Species Citation

Halichoeres biocellatus Schultz 1960, Bull. U.S. Natl Mus. 202(2): 233, fig. 104. Type locality: Lagoon at Arji Island, Bikini Atoll, western Pacific, depth 20-40 feet.

Author

Bray, D.J. & Thompson, A. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

False-eyed Wrasse, Halichoeres biocellatus Schultz 1960

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef Fishes of the East Indies. Volume II. Tropical Reef Research, Perth, Australia.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. pp. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.). Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Barber, P.H. & Bellwood, D.R. 2005. Biodiversity hotspots: evolutionary origins of biodiversity in wrasses (Halichoeres: Labridae) in the Indo-Pacific and new world tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 235-253 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.004


Cabanban, A., Pollard, D. & Choat, J.H. 2010. Halichoeres biocellatus . The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187565A8570025. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187565A8570025.en. Downloaded on 03 March 2020.

Goeden, G.B. 1974. Revised list of fishes of Heron Wistari Marine National Park. Technical Paper. Department of Forestry, Queensland 2: 1-19 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. (as Biochoeres biocellatus)

Moore, G. & Morrison, S. 2009. Fishes of three North West Shelf atolls off Western Australia: Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 77: 221-255

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 720 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105 

Schultz, L.P. 1960. Family Labridae. pp. 121-238, figs 94-104, pls 92-107 in Schultz, L.P., Chapman, W.M., Lachner, E.A. & Woods, L.P. (eds). Fishes of the Marshall and Marianas Islands. Vol. 2. Families Mullidae through Stromateidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 202(2): 1-438, figs 91-132, pls 75-123 

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384107

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:4-50 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:12 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map