Ornamental Wrasse, Halichoeres claudia Randall & Rocha 2009


Other Names: Claudia's Wrasse, Ornamented Wrasse, Ornate Wrasse

A male (terminal phase) Ornamental Wrasse, Halichoeres claudia, at Raine Island, northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, October 2005. Source: Erik Schlogl / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
Males (terminal phase) of this greenish wrasse have a lattice-like pattern of pinkish to orange stripes and bars on sides, pinkish to orange bands on head, a black ocellus on the middle of the dorsal fin, and a small dark spot behind the eye.
Females (intermediate phase) have orange stripes along the sides and a small second dark ocellus on the rear of the dorsal fin.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Halichoeres claudia in Fishes of Australia, accessed 29 Nov 2022, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2294

Ornamental Wrasse, Halichoeres claudia Randall & Rocha 2009

More Info


Distribution

Offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Cartier Reef in the Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and Reefs in the Coral Sea; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific from Indonesia, the Philippines to Taiwan and southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, and east to the Line Islands and the  Tuamotus, French Polynesia. 
Inhabits lagoons and outer reef slopes at depths to 35 m.

Features

Dorsal fin IX,12; Anal fin III,12; Pectoral fin 13; Gill rakers 16-20; Lateral-line scales 28 (including 1 on base of caudal fin); Median predorsal scales 9; Near-vertical rows of scales on chest 9.
Body depth 3.15-3.55 in SL; scales absent from cheek and opercle; 

Feeding

Feeds mostly on small benthic crustaceans and molluscs.

Remarks

In Australia, this species was previously referred to as Halichoeres ornatissimus, which is considered to be endemic to the Hawaiian and Johnston Islands (Randall & Rocha 2009, see also Kuiter 2010).

Similar Species

The Ornamental Wrasse differs from other species of Halichoeres in having a green throat with a short pinkish to red stripe, the black ocellus retained on the middle of the dorsal fin in males, irregular stripes on the body and often small green "saddles" along the back.

Etymology

The species is named claudia in honour of the 2nd author’s wife, also a marine biologist, for her continued support and help with lab work.

Species Citation

Halichoeres claudia Randall & Rocha, 2009, Zool. Stud. 48(5): 713, Figs. 8-1. Type locality: Outside barrier reef 200 meters west of Tareu Pass, Moorea, Society Islands, depth 21 m.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2021

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Ornamental Wrasse, Halichoeres claudia Randall & Rocha 2009

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 (as Halichoeres ornatissimus)

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. (as Halichoeres ornatissimus)

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.  (as Halichoeres ornatissimus)

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. (as Halichoeres ornatissimus)

Barber, P.H. & Bellwood, D.R. 2005. Biodiversity hotspots: evolutionary origins of biodiversity in wrasses (Halichoeres: Labridae) in the Indo-Pacific and new world tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 235-253 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2004.10.004

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/rbz/supplement-no-30/

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/rbz/supplement-no-30/

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270. (as Halichoeres ornatissimus)

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398 pp. (as Biochoeres claudia)

Ludt, W.B., Bernal, M., Bowen, B. & Rocha, L.A. 2012. Living in the past: Phylogeography and population histories of Indo-Pacific wrasses (genus Halichoeres) in shallow lagoons versus outer reef slopes. PLoS ONE 7(6): e38042. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038042 

Moore, G. & Morrison, S. 2009. Fishes of three North West Shelf atolls off Western Australia: Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 77: 221-255 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. (asHalichoeres ornatissimus)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. (asHalichoeres ornatissimus)

Randall, J.E. & Rocha, L.A. 2009. Halichoeres claudia sp. nov., a new Indo-Pacific wrasse (Perciformes:Labridae), the fourth species of the H. ornatissimus complex. Zoological Studies 48(5): 709-718. See ref online

Rocha, L. & Craig, M. 2010. Halichoeres claudia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. . Downloaded on 30 July 2015.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384119

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-35 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map