Black Leopard Wrasse, Macropharyngodon negrosensis Herre 1932


Other Names: Black Leopard-wrasse, Black Wrasse

A male (terminal phase) Black Leopard Wrasse, Macropharyngodon negrosensis, at North West Solitary Island, New South Wales, January 2013. Source: Ian Shaw / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A blackish leopard wrasse covered in iridescent bluish-green spotsscales edged in pale green in males, or small pale spots in females, black anal and pelvic fins, and and abruptly pale caudal fin with blackish lobes in males.
Color in life of black with iridescent blue-green spots on body and light yellow antero-dorsally on head body; head banded. Anterior lateral line pored scales 2-3. Males display with metallic green shiny color that is turned on shortly for the occasion

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Macropharyngodon negrosensis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 04 Mar 2021, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/2303

Black Leopard Wrasse, Macropharyngodon negrosensis Herre 1932

More Info


Distribution

Ningaloo Reef to the Muiron Islands and the Buccaneer Archipelago, and offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to at least Sydney, New South Wales, with juveniles south to Montague Island; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Lord Howe Province in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east-Indo-west Pacific: Andaman Sea, Christmas Island and Indonesia east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia.
Individuals or small groups swim near the bottom over mixed sand and rubble areas on lagoon and seaward reefs.

Features

Dorsal fin IX, 11; Anal fin III, 11; Vertebrae 25; Anterior lateral-line pored scales 2-3.

Biology

A protogynous hermaphrodite, whereby all individuals first mature as females (initial phase, IP), and are capable of sex change from female to male (terminal phase, TP). 

Fisheries

Juveniles are sometimes traded in the aquarium industry.

Etymology

The species is named negrosensis in reference to the type locality, Negros Island in the Philippines.

Species Citation

Macropharyngodon negrosensis Herre 1932, Copeia 1932(3): 142. Type locality: Dumaguete, Negros Oriental, Philippines.  

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Black Leopard Wrasse, Macropharyngodon negrosensis Herre 1932

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. 

Craig, M. & Stockwell, B. 2010. Macropharyngodon negrosensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187772A8626612. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187772A8626612.en. Downloaded on 22 September 2020

Gill, A.C. & Reader, S.E. 1992. Fishes. pp. 90-93, 193-228 in Hutchings, P. (ed.) Reef Biology. A Survey of Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, South Pacific. Canberra : Australian National Parks Vol. 3, Kowari 230 pp. 

Herre, A.W. 1932. Five new Philippine fishes. Copeia 1932(3): 139-142 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/rbz/supplement-no-30/

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. 

Moore, G. & Morrison, S. 2009. Fishes of three North West Shelf atolls off Western Australia: Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 77: 221-255 

Moore, G.I., Morrison, S.M., Hutchins, B.J., Allen, G.R. and Sampey, A. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 84: 161-206 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp. 

Randall, J.E. 1978. A revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fish genus Macropharyngodon, with descriptions of five new species. Bulletin of Marine Science 28(4): 742-770 figs 1-6 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384137

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-32 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:12 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map