Orangeline Wrasse, Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852)

Other Names: Goldstripe Wrasse, Hartzfeld's Wrasse, Orange-line Wrasse, Orange-lined Wrasse

A male (terminal phase) Orangeline Wrasse, Halichoeres hartzfeldii, ay North West Solitary Island, New South Wales, March 2016. Source: Ian Shaw / License: CC By Attribution-NonCommercial

Males (terminal phase) are bluish-green with an orange stripe bounded by electric blue lines along the side, pinkish to purplish markings on the head and several black spots on the rear of the body above the orange stripe. Females (initial phase) are pale bluish-green with a broad yellow stripe from the eye to the tail ending in a black blotch. Juveniles are whitish with a broad brown to orange stripe along the side ending in a black blotch.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Halichoeres hartzfeldii in Fishes of Australia, accessed 09 Dec 2022,

Orangeline Wrasse, Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852)

More Info


Rowley Shoals, and the Bonaparte Archipelago, Kimberley coast, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef and reefs in the Coral Sea, Queensland, to Montague Island (juveniles), New South Wales; also Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits seaward reefs, prefering open sandy or mixed sand/rubble areas and reef pavement, usually at depths below 11 m. Individuals are usually seen in loose groups comprising one male and numerous smaller females and juveniles.

Species Citation

Julis hartzfeldii Bleeker 1852, Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indiƫ 3: 563. Type locality: Ambon, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Orangeline Wrasse, Halichoeres hartzfeldii (Bleeker 1852)


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1996. New records of reef and shore fishes from northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 18: 109-112 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. A

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Bleeker, P. 1852. Nieuwe bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van Amboina. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« 3: 545-568 

Cabanban, A., Russell, B., Myers, R. & Choat, J.H. 2010. Halichoeres hartzfeldii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187783A8628983. Downloaded on 06 March 2018.

De Vis, C.W. 1885. New fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 5. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 9(4): 869-887 (as Labrichthys nudigena)

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp.

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. 

Kuiter, R.H. & Tonozuka, T. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 2. Fusiliers - Dragonets, Caesionidae - Callionymidae. Australia : Zoonetics pp. 304-622.

Moore, G.I., Morrison, S.M., Hutchins, B.J., Allen, G.R. and Sampey, A. 2014. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 84: 161-206 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384191


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:7-85 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:18 cm TL

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map