Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker 1857

Other Names: Long-nose Hawkfish, Long-nosed Hawkfish

A Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus, in the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, eastern Indian Ocean, February 2009. Source: Karen Willshaw / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A distinctive hawkfish with a very long pointed snout, and a reddish stripes and bars forming netting-like pattern over a whitish background.

The Longnose Hawkfish often perches amongst the branches of gorgonian sea fans and black corals.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Oxycirrhites typus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 Apr 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2428

Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker 1857

More Info


SW of Barrow Island, Western Australia, and Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, to NE of Cootamundra Shoal, Arafura Sea, Northern Territory, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef to the Moreton Bay region, Queensland; also Australian territories of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, the species is widespread, but not often seen, in the Red Sea and tropical Indo-Pacific. 

Inhabits steep outer reef slopes exposed to strong currents, often among branches of black corals and gorgonian sea fans, in depths of 10-100 m (usually below 25 m).


Feeds on small planktonic and benthic crustaceans.


Monogamous pairs spawn in the water column; eggs and larvae are pelagic.


The specific name is from the Latin typus (= an impression, a mark, original form), as it is the type species of Bleeker's genus Oxycirrhites.

Species Citation

Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker, 1857, Acta Soc. Scient. Indo-Neerland. 2: 40. Type locality: Ambon, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker 1857


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.) Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Bleeker, P. 1857. Achtste bijdrage tot de kennis der vischfauna van Amboina. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neerlandicae 2: 1-102.

Coleman, N. 1981. Australian Sea Fishes North of 30°S. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 297 pp.

Donaldson, T.J. & Colin, P.L. 1989. Pelagic spawning of the hawkfish Oxycirrhites typus (Cirrhitidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 24(4): 295-300.

Greenfield, D. & Williams, I. 2016. Oxycirrhites typus (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T67997854A115453267. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T67997854A68001711.en. Accessed on 12 January 2022.

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Randall, J.E. 1963. Review of the hawkfishes (family Cirrhitidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 114(3472): 389-451 figs 1-16

Randall, J.E. 2001. Cirrhitidae, Cheilodactylidae. pp. 3321-3330 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37374008

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:10-100m, usually below 25m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map