Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker 1857

Other Names: Long-nose Hawkfish, Long-nosed Hawkfish

A Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus, at Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Source: David Pittock. License: All rights reserved

A distinctive hawkfish with a very long pointed snout, and a reddish stripes and bars forming netting-like pattern over a whitish background.

The Longnose Hawkfish often perches amongst the branches of gorgonian sea fans and black corals.

Cite this page as:
Dianne J. Bray, Oxycirrhites typus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Oct 2021, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2428

Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker 1857

More Info


Recorded in Australia from SW of Barrow Island and Scott Reef, Western Australia, Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea, and Lizard Island to Escape Reef, Queensland; also the Australian territories of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the Indian Ocean. Elsewhere, widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific. 

Inhabits steep outer reef slopes exposed to strong currents, usually amongst the branches of black corals and gorgonian sea fans, in depths of 10-100 m (usually below 25 m).


Feeds on small planktonic and benthic crustaceans.


Monogamous pairs spawn in the water column; eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Species Citation

Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker, 1857, Acta Soc. Scient. Indo-Neerland. 2: 40. Type locality: Ambon, Indonesia.


Dianne J. Bray

Longnose Hawkfish, Oxycirrhites typus Bleeker 1857


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Russell, B.C. 1986. Part VII Fishes. 79-103 in Berry, P.F. (ed.). Faunal Surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringapatam Reef, northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 1-106.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21.

Bleeker, P. 1857. Achtste bijdrage tot de kennis der vischfauna van Amboina. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Indo-Neerlandicae 2: 1-102.

Coleman, N. 1981. Australian Sea Fishes North of 30°S. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 297 pp.

Donaldson, T.J. & P.L. Colin, 1989. Pelagic spawning of the hawkfish Oxycirrhites typus (Cirrhitidae). Environmental Bioogy of Fishes 24(4): 295-300.

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls.

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp.

Randall, J.E. 1963. Review of the hawkfishes (family Cirrhitidae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 114(3472): 389-451 figs 1-16

Randall, J.E. 2001. Cirrhitidae, Cheilodactylidae. pp. 3321-3330 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Russell, B.C., Larson, H.K., Hutchins, J.B. & Allen, G.R. 2005. Reef fishes of the Sahul Shelf. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory Supplement 1 2005: 83-105.

Whiteman, E.A.& I.M. Côté, 2004. Monogamy in marine fishes. Biological Reviews 79: 351-375.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37374008

Depth:10-100m, usually below 25m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:13 cm TL

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