Collar Seabream, Gymnocranius audleyi Ogilby 1916

Other Names: Bastard Bream, Collared Large-eye Bream, Collared Sea Bream, Collared Sea-bream, Coral Bream, Iodine Bream, Iodine Sea Bream, Pale-faced Bream, Sand Snapper

A Collar Seabream, Gymnocranius audleyi, caught off Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea, October 2017. Source: Jack Schick via lhimarinepark / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A pale silvery, olive or bronze seabream becoming paler or silvery-white below, with flecks on the side and spots on the scales often forming fine horizontal rows, yellowish fins, a distinctive scaled patch behind the upper part of the eye, and a naked face.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2018, Gymnocranius audleyi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 21 May 2022,

Collar Seabream, Gymnocranius audleyi Ogilby 1916

More Info


Eastern Australia, from the Great Barrier Reef off Port Douglas, to northeast of the Southport Seaway, southern Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Chesterfield Islands and New Caledonia.  Individuals inhabit sandy or rubble areas near reefs.


Dorsal fin X, 10; Anal fin III, 9-10. 
Inner surface of pectoral-fin base without scales.


Feeds mostly on benthic invertebrates. 


The flesh sometimes has a distasteful iodine flavour, although untainted fish are reportedly good eating.

Species Citation

Gymnocranius audleyi Ogilby 1916, Mem.  Qld Mus. 5: 170. Type locality: Snapper Banks, off Moreton Bay, Queensland.


Bray, D.J. 2018


Australian Faunal Directory

Collar Seabream, Gymnocranius audleyi Ogilby 1916


Carpenter, K.E. 2001. Sparidae, Lethrinidae. pp. 2990-3050 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. 

Carpenter, K.E. & Allen, G.R. 1989. FAO Species Catalogue. Emperor fishes and large-eye breams of the world (family Lethrinidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lethrinid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis. No. 125, Vol. 9. Rome : FAO 118 pp. 

Carpenter, K.E., Lawrence, A. & Myers, R. 2016. Gymnocranius audleyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T16719359A16722315. Downloaded on 26 July 2018.

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1916. Some Australian fish-scales. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 52-57 (as Gymnocranius bitorquatus)

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. (as Gymnocranius bitorquatus)

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. (as Gymnocranius bitorquatus

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. (as Gymnocranius bitorquatus

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kulbicki, M., J.E. Randall, J.E. & Rivaton, J. 1994. Checklist of the fishes of the Chesterfield Islands (Coral Sea). Micronesica 27(1/2): 1-43.

Laursen, T., Russ, G.R., Newman, S.J. & Higgs, J.B. 1999. Age, Growth and mortality of Gymnocranius audleyi (Pisces: Lethrinide). Asian Fisheries Science 12: 187-200.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. 

Newman, S.J. & Williams, D.McB. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation in assemblages of Lutjanidae, Lethrinidae and associated fish species among midcontinental shelf reefs in the central Great Barrier Reef. Marine and Freshwater Research 52: 843–851.

Ogilby, J.D. 1916. Edible fishes of Queensland. Parts 4–9. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 5: 127-177 pls 14-23 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Sato, T. 1986. A systematic review of the sparoid fishes of the subfamily Monotaxinae, p. 602–612, in T. Uyeno, R. Arai, T. Taniuchi, K. Matsuura (eds)Indo-Pacific fish biology: proceedings of the second international conference on Indo-Pacific fishes. Ichthyological Society of Japan, Tokyo.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37351018

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:8-50 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:40 cm TL


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