Ringed Slender Wrasse, Hologymnosus annulatus (Lacépède 1801)


Other Names: Narrow-banded Rainbowfish, Ring Wrasse, Ringed Wrasse

A Ringed Slender Wrasse, Hologymnosus annulatus, at Tulamben, Bali, Indonesia, 24 October 2009. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Reef Life Survey. License: CC by Attribution

Summary:
Juvenile Ringed Slender Wrasse closely resemble juvenile Blue Blanquillo, Malacanthus latovittatus.

Cite this page as:
Hologymnosus annulatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 10 Jul 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/246

Ringed Slender Wrasse, Hologymnosus annulatus (Lacépède 1801)

More Info


Distribution

Houtman Abrolhos Islands to the Dampier Archipelago, and Rowley Shoals Western Australia, Cartier Island, Timor Sea, and the far northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea, to at least Sydney, New South Wales, with juveniles south to Montague Island, New South Wales; also Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean, and Elizabeth & Middleton Reefs and Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the Indo-west-central Pacific.
Inhabits sandy and rubble areas in clear lagoons and on seaward reef slopes. Juveniles are usually seen near the bottom, whilst adults may swim well above bottom.

Features

Dorsal fin IX, 12; Anal fin III, 12.
Body elongated, compressed; scales small; head naked; front of jaws with 2 pairs of canine teeth; caudal fin slightly rounded in juveniles, emarginate in adults. 

Colour

Initial phase brown to olive brown with 17-19 dark brown bars, a blue and black spot on opercular membrane, a black spot on side of lips (spot larger on lower lip), caudal fin with a large whitish crescent posteriorly; body of terminal males green sometimes shading to blueish-green ventrally, with numerous bluish-red bars, often with a pale yellowish bar on body above origin of anal fin, head light purplish with green to blue-green bands radiating from eye, one forward onto snout expanding broadly and branching. Males from the Indian Ocean and Red Sea have a white band on the middle of the greenish body; the Pacific form has a pale peduncular area when in nuptial mode.

Feeding

Feeds mostly on fishes, but also consumes crustaceans.

Species Citation

Labrus annulatus Lacépède 1801, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 3: 455, 526, pl. 28(3). Type locality: Indo-Pacific (as Great Equatorial Ocean).

Resources

Australian Faunal Directory

Ringed Slender Wrasse, Hologymnosus annulatus (Lacépède 1801)

References


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.  

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. 

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp. 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 

Hutchins, J.B. 1994. A survey of the nearshore reef fish fauna of Western Australia's west and south coasts — The Leeuwin Province. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 46: 1-66 figs 1-6 

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270

Hutchins, J.B. 2003. Checklist of marine fishes of the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. pp. 453-478 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I., & Jones, D.S. (eds). Proceedings of the Eleventh International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Dampier, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. 

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. 

Lacépède, B.G. 1801. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : chez Plassan Vol. 3 558 pp. 34 pls. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp.

Randall, J.E. 1982. A review of the labrid fish genus Hologymnosus. Revue Française d'Aquariologie et Herpétologie 9(1): 13-20 figs 1-10 

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. 

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Yeeting, B. 2010. Hologymnosus annulatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187698A8604779. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187698A8604779.en. Downloaded on 24 October 2018.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384126

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-30 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:40 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map