Blacktip Bullseye, Pempheris affinis McCulloch 1911

Other Names: Black-tipped Bullseye

A juvenile Blacktip Bullseye, Pempheris affinis, at Camp Cove, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, November 2020. Source: Erik Schlogl / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A golden to silvery bullseye with a greyish back, distinct black tips on the dorsal and anal fins and a black anal-fin margin. The dark fin tips on the similar Bronze Bullseye, Pempheris analis, are less distinct.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Pempheris affinis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 20 Jul 2024,

Blacktip Bullseye, Pempheris affinis McCulloch 1911

More Info


Endemic to eastern Australia, from Burnett Heads, Queensland, to Mallacoota, far eastern Victoria. This primarily nocturnal species inhabits coastal reefs, often sheltering in caves and under ledges during the day.


Dorsal fin V, 10-11; Anal fin III, 38-42.


Feeds on small crustaceans such as amphipods, along with small fishes and the larvae of decapod crustaceans.


The specific name is from the Latin affinis (= closely related to, closely allied to) in reference to the similarity of this species to Pempheris multiradiata. "This species is very closely allied to P. multiradiata, but may be at once distinguished by its much smaller scales."

Species Citation

Pempheris affinis McCulloch, 1911, Biol. Res. Endeavour 1(1): 45, pl. 7(1). Type locality: Port Jackson, New South Wales.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Blacktip Bullseye, Pempheris affinis McCulloch 1911


Allen, G.R. 1985. Fishes of Western Australia. Book 9. pp. 2207-2534 526 pls in Burgess, W.E. & Axelrod, H.R. (eds). Pacific Marine Fishes. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications.

Annese, D.M. & Kingsford, M.J. 2005. Distribution, movements and diet of nocturnal fishes on temperate reefs. Environmental Biology of Fishes 72: 161-174.

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp.

Johnson, J.W., 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762.

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp.

McCulloch, A.R. 1911. Report on the fishes obtained by the F.I.S. Endeavour on the coasts of New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania. Part 1. Zoological (Biological) Results. Endeavour 1(1): 1-87 figs 1-20 pls 1-16

Mooi, R.D. 2001. Pempheridae. pp. 3201-3204 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37357005

Depth:3-30 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:15 cm TL


Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map