Yellow Angelfish, Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953

Other Names: Herald's Angelfish, Very Drab

A Yellow Angelfish, Centropyge heraldi, sheltering in the back of a small cave at North Solitary Island, New South Wales, 10 October 2015. Source: Ian V. Shaw / Atlas of Living Australia. License: CC by Attribution


A bright yellow to yellowish-orange pygmy angelfish with a dusky olive patch surrounding yellowish-orange spots behind the eye.

A pair of Yellow Angelfish (aka heraldi angelfish) filmed during a deep dive at Rarotonga, in the Cook Islands - about 4 mins 20 secs into the video.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2022, Centropyge heraldi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 May 2024,

Yellow Angelfish, Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953

More Info


Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, reefs in the Coral Sea, south to the Solitary Islands, New South Wales. Elsewhere, the species is widespread in the Western-central-Pacific, usually on outer reef slopes.


Dorsal fin XV, 15; Anal fin III, 17.


Hermaphrodite - changes sex from female to male. Males form harems of 2-4 individuals.


The species if named in honour of Earl S. Herald, head of the Steinhart Aquarium, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco.

Species Citation

Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953, Bull. U. S. Natl Mus. 202(1): 602. Type locality: 100 yards offshore in lagoon, Ariji Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, depth 20-40 feet.


Bray, D.J. 2022


Atlas of Living Australia

Yellow Angelfish, Centropyge heraldi Woods & Schultz 1953


Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & Allen, M. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes. Cairns : Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research 250 pp. figs.

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp.

Kuiter, R.H. 1998. A new pygmy anglefish (Teleostoi: Perciformes: Pomacanthidae) from the Coral Sea. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 3(2): 85-88

Kuiter, R.H., Debelius, H. & Tanaka, H. 2003. Pomacanthidae, a Comprehensive Guide to Angelfishes. Melbourne : Zoonetics 206 pp.

Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae, Pomacanthidae. pp. 3224-3286 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Pyle, R. & Rocha, L.A. 2010. Centropyge heraldi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T165848A6147706. Downloaded on 16 May 2018.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E. & Carlson, B.A. 2000. Centropyge woodheadi Kuiter 1998, a synonym of C. heraldi Woods and Schults 1953. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 4(1): 1-4.

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2

Shen, K.N., Chang, C.W., Delrieu-Trottin, E. & Borsa, P. 2016. Lemonpeel (Centropyge flavissima) and yellow (C. heraldi) pygmy angelfishes each consist of two geographically isolated sibling species. Marine Biodiversity 47(3): 831-845.https//

Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and Angelfishes of the World. Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed Vol. 1 144 pp. 216 figs.

Woods, L.P. & Schultz, L.P. 1953. Subfamily Pomacanthinae. 597-608 in Schultz, L.P., Herald, E.S., Lachner, E.A., Welander, A.D. & Woods, L.P. (eds). Fishes of the Marshall and Marianas Islands. Vol. 1. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 202(1): 1-685, figs 1-90, pls 1-74

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37365027


Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:5-90 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:10 cm TL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map