Ringtail Maori Wrasse, Oxycheilinus unifasciatus (Streets 1877)


Other Names: Ring-tail Maori Wrasse, Tail-band Maori, Tail-band Maori-wrasse, Whiteband Maori Wrasse

A Ringtail Maori Wrasse, Oxycheilinus unifasciatus, at Rapid Horn, Holmes Reef, Coral Sea, November 2006. Source: Erik Schlogl / iNaturalist.org. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

Summary:
A reddish to purplish-brown maori wrasse with a white band around the caudal peduncle. Males have a distinct whitish to greyish bar outlined in orange or brown on the gill cover behind the eye, and usually fine orange to bluish oblique lines on the cheek.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2020, Oxycheilinus unifasciatus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 06 Dec 2020, http://136.154.202.208/home/species/264

Ringtail Maori Wrasse, Oxycheilinus unifasciatus (Streets 1877)

More Info


Distribution

Ningaloo Reef to the Murion Islands, and offshore reefs of north Western Australia, Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea, and the northern Great Barrier Reef to the Carpicorn Group, Queensland, and reefs in the Coral Sea; also Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island in the eastern Indian Ocean, and the Lord Howe Province in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, east-Indo-west-central Pacific: Cocos (Keeling) Islands east to Hawaii and French Polynesia (Marquesas Islands), north to Japan.
Inhabits coral rich areas on coastal and offshore reefs at depths to 160 m.

Features

Dorsal fin IX, 10; Anal fin III, 8: Pectoral fin 12; Lateral-line scales 15-16 + 6-8.Body depth 2.6-3.2 in SL. 

Biology

Protogynous hermaphrodites - changing sex from female to male during their life cycle.

Etymology

The specific name unifasciatus is from the Latin uni- (= one), and fasciatus (= banded) in reference to the white band around the base of the caudal peduncle.

Species Citation

Cheilinus unifasciatus Streets 1877, Bulletin of the United States National Museum 7: 82. Type locality: Tabuaeran [= Fanning Island], Line Islands, central Pacific.

Author

Bray, D.J. 2020

Resources

Atlas of Living Australia

Ringtail Maori Wrasse, Oxycheilinus unifasciatus (Streets 1877)

References


Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls.

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 21 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Steene, R.C. 1988. Fishes of Christmas Island Indian Ocean. Christmas Island Natural History Association, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean, 6798, Australia. 197 pp.

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Choat, J.H., van Herwerden, L., Robbins, W.D., Hobbs, J.P. & Ayling, A.M. 2006. A report on the ecological surveys undertaken at Middleton and Elizabeth Reefs, February 2006. Report by James Cook University to the Department of the Environment and Heritage. 65 pp.

Craig, M., Rocha, L. & Liu, M. 2010. Oxycheilinus unifasciatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187674A8597287. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T187674A8597287.en. Downloaded on 11 November 2016.

Fukui, Y., Muto, N. & Motomura, H. 2016. A new species of labrid fish Oxycheilinus samurai from the western Pacific Ocean. Ichthyological Research 64(2): 212-220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-016-0561-4.

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S.J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Checklist and new records of Christmas Island fishes: the influence of isolation, biogeography and habitat availability on species abundance and community composition. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 184–202 https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/rbz/supplement-no-30/

Hobbs, J-P.A., Newman, S .J., Mitsopoulos, G.E.A., Travers, M.J., Skepper, C.L., Gilligan, J.J., Allen, G.R., Choat, H.J. & Ayling, A.M. 2014. Fishes of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands: new records, community composition and biogeographic significance. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 30: 203–219 https://lkcnhm.nus.edu.sg/rbz/supplement-no-30/

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Biodiversity of shallow reef fish assemblages in Western Australia using a rapid censusing technique. Records of the Western Australian Museum 20: 247-270 

Hutchins, J.B., Williams, D.McB., Newman, S.J., Cappo, M. & Speare, P. 1995. New records of fishes for the Rowley Shoals and Scott/Seringapatam Reefs, off north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 119-123

Kuiter, R.H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific, Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Jakarta : PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama 314 pp. pls. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398.

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls.

Moore, G. & Morrison, S. 2009. Fishes of three North West Shelf atolls off Western Australia: Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 77: 221-255

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Osborne, K. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs Marine National Nature Reserve, December 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Sciences 64 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Ayling, A.M., Cheal, A.J. & Thompson, A.A. 2003. Marine surveys undertaken in the Coringa-Herald National Nature Reserve, March-April 2003. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science 59 pp. 

Oxley, W.G., Emslie, M., Muir, P. & Thompson, A.A. 2004. Marine surveys undertaken in the Lihou Reef National Nature Reserve, March 2004. Townsville : Australian Institute of Marine Science i-vii, 1-67 pp.

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs.

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs.

Streets, T.H. 1877. Contributions to the natural history of the Hawaiian and Fanning Islands and Lower California. Fishes. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 7: 43-102. See ref online

Westneat, M.W. 1993. Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Cheilinini (Labridae: Perciformes). Bulletin of Marine Science 52(1): 351-394

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds) The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts


CAAB Code:37384068

Biology:Hermaphrodite

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-160 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish (& food fish)

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:46 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map