Randall's Snapper, Randallichthys filamentosus Fourmanoir 1970

Other Names: Randall's Snapper

Randall’s Snapper, Randallichthys filamentosus, at Jarvis Island, Central Pacific. Source: NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, Mountains in the Deep: Exploring the Central Pacific Basin. License: CC by Attribution

An uncommon rosy-coloured tropical snapper with a yellow tinge on the back, a greyish-yellow dorsal fin, rosy coloured anal and caudal fins, and a dusky to black margin on the dorsal, caudal, anal and pelvic fins. Several lower caudal-fin rays are produced into long filaments.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2023, Randallichthys filamentosus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2708

Randall's Snapper, Randallichthys filamentosus Fourmanoir 1970

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South of Esperance to off Scott Reef, Western Australia, and off Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere, the species is known from scattered localities in the tropical, west-central Pacific, including off New Caledonia in the Coral Sea. Inhabits relatively deep reefs along continental, seamount and insular slopes.


Dorsal fin X, 11-12; Anal fin III, 9. 
Head blunt; lower jaw protruding; snout short; premaxilla not protractile; maxillary extending to below middle of eye, ridges present, scales absent; interorbital space flat; eye large; preorbital bone relatively narrow. Teeth present on vomer. 
Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line; scales absent from dorsal and anal fins. Pectoral fins short, not reaching level of anus. Lower lobe of caudal fin with some rays excessively produced and filamentous in young. 


Of minor commercial importance in parts of its range and taken mostly on hook and line.


In Australia, this species is known from two specimens collected in Western Australian waters, and two specimens taken off Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea.


The specific name is from the Latin filamentosus (= filamentous), in reference to the very elongate lower caudal-fin rays of juveniles, including the holotype.

Species Citation

Etelis filamentosus Fourmanoir 1970, Cahiers O.R.S.T.O.M. Serie Océanographique 8(2): 28, fig. 6. Type locality: off New Caledonia, stomach content [22°52'S, 162°20'E].


Bray, D.J. 2023


Atlas of Living Australia

Randall's Snapper, Randallichthys filamentosus Fourmanoir 1970


Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp.

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp.

Anderson, W.D., Jr., H.T. Kami & G.D. Johnson. 1977. A new genus of Pacific Etelinae (Pisces: Lutjanidae) with redescription of the type-species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 90(1): 89-98. See ref at BHL

Fourmanoir, P. 1970. Notes Ichthyologiques (I). Cahiers O.R.S.T.O.M. Serie Océanographique 8(2): 19-33 figs 1-10

Leis, J.M. 2005. A larva of the eteline lutjanid, Randallichthys filamentosus (Pisces: Perciformes), with comments on phylogenetic implications of larval morphology of basal lutjanids. Zootaxa 1008: 57-64. https://doi,org/10.11646/zootaxa.1008.1.7

Newman, S.J. 2009. First record of Randall’s snapper Randallichthys filamentosus (Perciformes: Lutjanidae) from the eastern Indian Ocean (north-western Australia). Journal of Fish Biology 75: 1513–1517.

Russell, B., Lawrence, A., Myers, R., Carpenter, K.E. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 2016. Randallichthys filamentosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T194400A2331248. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T194400A2331248.en. Downloaded on 24 May 2017.

Wakefield, C.B., Moore, G.I., Bertram, A.E., Snow, M. & Newman, S.J. 2015. Extraordinary capture of a Randall's snapper Randallichthys filamentosus in the temperate south-eastern Indian Ocean and its molecular phylogenetic relationship within the Etelinae. Journal of Fish Biology 88(2): 735-740.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.12809

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37346073

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:150-500 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:760 cm TL

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