Large Sandgoby, Fusigobius maximus (Randall 2001)

Live holotype of the Large Sandgoby, Fusigobius maximus, from Negros, Philippines, BPBM 28539. Source: John E. Randall / FishBase. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A semi-transparent goby with dusky yellow spots on head, body, dorsal and caudal fins, first membrane of dorsal fin with vertically elongate black spot, and a blackish spot on the middle of the caudal-fin base.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Fusigobius maximus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 01 Apr 2023,

Large Sandgoby, Fusigobius maximus (Randall 2001)

More Info


Recorded in Australia from North West Cape, Western Australia. Occurs elsewhere in the tropical Indo-west Pacific. Inhabits sandy and mixed sand/rubble areas near reefs.


Dorsal fin VI + I, 9: Anal fin I, 8; Pectoral fin 17-19; Longitudinal scale series 26-27.

Body depth 4.7-5.5 in SL; gill opening extending to within one-fifth opercle width from posterior edge of preopercle; pelvic fins fully united; pelvic frenum present; caudal fin rounded. Body scales mostly ctenoid, those on breast, pectoral-fin base and anteroventrally on abdomen cycloid; operculum naked; median predorsal scales absent, scales on side of nape extending to above rear edge of preopercle.


Translucent light grey with large obscure blackish dashes and smaller white dashes visible along vertebral column; spots on head and body dusky orange-yellow, except 1 at midbase of caudal fin that is black; sensory papillae of head black; pupil dark green, narrowly rimmed in yellow, iris yellowish on upper 3/4 with 5 yellowish-brown blotches, and light gray on lower 1/4; fins translucent, spots on dorsal and caudal fins dusky orange except for the conspicuous jet black spot on 1st membrane of 1st dorsal fin; outer margin of dorsal fins narrowly white.


The species is named maximus due to its relatively large size.

Species Citation

Fusigobius maximus Randall, 2001, Zoological Studies 40(3): 215, figs 10-11. Type locality: Dumaguete City, off South Sea Resort Hotel, Negros Oriental, Philippines. 


Bray, D.J. 2019


Australian Faunal Directory

Large Sandgoby, Fusigobius maximus (Randall 2001)


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Greenfield, D. & Munroe, T.A. 2016. Fusigobius maximus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T193128A2198765. Downloaded on 10 January 2019.

Nakabo, T. (ed.) 2002. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species. English edition. Tokyo : Toikai University Press pp. 867-1749.

Randall, J.E. 2001. Five new Indo-Pacific gobiid fishes of the genus Coryphopterus. Zoological Studies 40(3): 206-225. (as Coryphopterus maximus) See ref online, open access

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37428452

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:3-21 m

Habitat:Reef associated, sand-rubble areas

Max Size:8 cm TL

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