Pinjalo, Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850)

Other Names: Pinjalo Snapper

A Pinjalo, Pinjalo pinjalo. Source: Australian National Fish Collection, CSIRO. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A greyish to pinkish-grey tropical snapper becoming silvery pink to silvery-white below, pinkish to pinkish-yellow dorsal and caudal fins with darker margins, and yellowish pelvic and anal fins. The colours can either rapidly fade or intensify. 

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2019, Pinjalo pinjalo in Fishes of Australia, accessed 28 Nov 2022,

Pinjalo, Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850)

More Info


This species is only known in Australia from larvae collected north of Port Hedland, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific: East Africa and the Persian Gulf to Papua New Guinea, and north to Taiwan.
Inhabits coastal and offshore coral and rocky reefs and outer reef slopes in depths of 15-100 m.


Dorsal fin XII, 14-15; Anal fin III, 9-10; Pectoral fin 17-19; Lateral-line scales 48-51; Gill rakers 6-8 + 16-18.
Body depth 2.3-2.8 in SL, dorsal and ventral profiles equally rounded; oblique scale rows along back becoming horizontal on the caudal peduncle.


Body pink to silvery-lavender dorsally, shading to pale pink or silvery white ventrally; dorsal and caudal fins reddish, usually suffused with yellow, the outer margin blackish.


Taken using gill nets, handlines, traps and bottom trawls in artisanal fisheries in many parts of its range.

Similar Species

Differs from the Red Pinjalo, Pinjalo lewisi, in lacking a pale spot on the upper part of the caudal peduncle and in having yellow coloration on the pelvic and anal fins.

Species Citation

Caesio pinjalo Bleeker 1850, Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen 23: 10. Type locality: Jakarta (as Batavia), Java, Indonesia.


Bray, D.J. 2019


Atlas of Living Australia

Pinjalo, Pinjalo pinjalo (Bleeker 1850)


Allen, G.R. 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Snappers of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 6. Rome : FAO 208 pp. 

Anderson, W.D. & Allen, G.R. 2001. Lutjanidae. pp. 2840-2918 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. 

Bleeker, P. 1850. Bijdrage tot de kennis der Maenoïden van den Soenda-Molukschen Archipel. Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen 23: 1-13 

Bleeker, P. 1873. Révision des espèces indo-archipélagiques du genre Caesio et de quelques genres voisins. Archives Néerlandaises des Sciences Naturelles 8: 155-182 

Leis, J.M. 2008. Larval development in the lutjanid subfamily Lutjaninae (Pisces): the Indo-Pacific genus Pinjalo. Zootaxa 1760: 37-49 

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp.

Russell, B., Bullock, R.W., Carpenter, K.E. & Ambuali, A. 2019. Pinjalo pinjalo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2019: e.T194403A2331841. Downloaded on 26 November 2019.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37346072

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:15-100 m

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:50 cm TL

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map