Largetooth Beardie, Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801)

Other Names: Beardie, Beardie Cod, Kelp Rock Cod, Kelp Rock-Cod, Ling, Ling Cod-fish, Rock Cod, Small-scaled Rock Cod

A Largetooth Beardie, Lotella rhacina, in Jervis Bay, New South Wales, 2 April 2016. Source: John Turnbull / Flickr. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

A yellowish to reddish-grey or greyish-brown beardie with a prominent narrow white margin on the dorsal, anal and caudal fins, a prominent pale barbel on the chin, a short-based first dorsal fin, long-based soft dorsal and anal fins that are separate from the caudal fin, and a pale lateral line.
A Largetooth Beardie filmed at Shark Point, Sydney, New South Wales in October 2014.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Lotella rhacina in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 May 2024,

Largetooth Beardie, Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801)

More Info


Coolangatta, Queensland, around southern Australia to the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia, including Tasmania; also at  Lord Howe Island in the Tasman Sea. Elsewhere the species occurs in New Zealand.
Inhabits bays, harbours and exposed coastal reefs in depths to 90 m. Nocturnal - sheltering in caves and crevices during the day.


Dorsal fin V-VIII + 47-64; Anal fin 42-56;  Caudal fin 24; Pectoral fin 22-25; Pelvic fin 8; Vertebrae 47-50.
Body robust, tapering gradually, head rounded in cross section; jaws with an outer row of relatively large, sharp, widely spaced pointed teeth.
First dorsal fin short-based, second dorsal and anal fins long-based; tail separate; prominent pale barbel present on chin. 

Similar Species

The similar Eeyorius hutchinsi differs from species of the genus Lotella in having a band of small brush-like teeth in the jaws (vs. an outer row of relatively large, sharp, widely spaced pointed teeth). Eeyorius also has a depressed head that is oval in cross section (vs. head rounded in cross-section in Lotella).

Species Citation

Gadum rhacinum Forster, in Bloch & Schneider 1801, Systema Ichthyologiae: 56. Type locality (neotype): Queen Charlotte Sound, New Zealand.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Largetooth Beardie, Lotella rhacina (Forster 1801)


Allan, R. 2002. Australian Fish and How to Catch Them. Sydney : New Holland Publishers (Australia) 394 pp. 

Castelnau, F.L. de 1879. Essay on the ichthyology of Port Jackson. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 3(4): 347-402 

Cohen, D.M. 1990. Families Moridae, Muraenolepididae. pp. 346-384 in Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N. (eds) FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 10 442 pp. 

Coleman, N. 1980. Australian Sea Fishes South of 30ºS. Lane Cove, NSW : Doubleday Australia Pty Ltd 309 pp. 

Forster, J.R. in Bloch, M.E. & Schneider, J.G. 1801. Systema Ichthyologiae Iconibus ex Illustratum. Berlin. 584 pp. 110 pls See ref at BHL

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 

Gomon, M.F. 1994. Families Moridae, Melanonidae, Euclichthyidae, Merlucciidae. pp. 324-340 figs 290-303 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. 

Gomon. M.F. 2008. Family Moridae. pp. 302-315 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. 

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. 

Günther, A. 1862. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum. London : British Museum Vol. 4 534 pp. (described as Lotella fuliginosaSee ref at BHL

Günther, A. 1863. On new species of fishes from Victoria, South Australia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 3 11(17): 114-117 (described as Lotella callarias) See ref at BHL

Hoschke, A., Whisson, G. & Moore, G.I. 2019. Complete list of fishes from Rottnest Island. pp. 150-161 in Whisson, G. & Hoschke, A. (eds) The Rottnest Island fish book. 2nd ed. Perth: Aqua Research and Monitoring Services.

Hutchins, J.B. 1997. Checklist of fishes of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. pp. 239-253 in Wells, F. (ed.) The Marine Fauna and Flora of the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum. (as Lotella fuliginosa)

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. 

Johnston, R.M. 1883. General and critical observations on fishes of Tasmania with a classified catalogue of all known species. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1882: 53-144 (described as Lotella swanii) See ref online

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. 

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. 

Kuiter, R. & Kuiter, S. 2018. Coastal sea-fishes of south-eastern Australia. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics, 371 pp.

Macleay, W.J. 1881. Descriptive catalogue of the fishes of Australia. Part 3. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 6(1): 1-138 pls 1-2 (described as Lotella marginataSee ref at BHL

Ogilby, J.D. 1886. Catalogue of the Fishes of New South Wales, with their principal synonyms. Sydney : Government Printer 67 pp. (described as Lotella limbataSee ref at BHL

Paulin, C.D. 1983. A revision of the family Moridae (Pisces : Anacanthini) within the New Zealand region. Records of the National Museum of New Zealand 2(9): 81-126 figs 1-27 

Paulin, C.D. & Roberts, C.D. 1992. The rockpool fishes of New Zealand. Te ika aaria o Aotearoa. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. i-xii + 1-177.

Rendahl, H. 1921. The fishes of the Juan Fernandez Islands. Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island 3: 49-58 (as Lotella macleayi, nom. nov. for Lotella marginata Macleay, 1881).

Struthers, C.D., Gomon, M.F. & Last, P.R. 2015. 107 Family Moridae. pp. 839-866 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 3 pp. 577-1152.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37224005


Depth:2-90 m

Habitat:Reef associated, caves and crevices

Max Size:66 cm

Species Image Gallery

Species Maps

CAAB distribution map