Pinkspeckled Wrasse, Xenojulis margaritaceus (Macleay 1883)

Other Names: Finspot Wrasse, Pearly Rainbowfish, Pearly Weed-wrasse, Pink Speckled Wrasse

A juvenile Pinkspeckled Wrasse, Xenojulis margaritaceus, at Bundegi Beach, North West Cape, Western Australia, August 2021. Source: Alex Hoschke / License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial

A small wrasse found on sandy or rubble areas amongst dense coral growth. Males are a speckled dark reddish above, paler below, with irregular green and dark reddish stripes on the head and a yellow iris. The elongate pelvic-fin rays may reach the anus in females and beyond the anal fin in males.

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2021, Xenojulis margaritaceus in Fishes of Australia, accessed 14 Jun 2024,

Pinkspeckled Wrasse, Xenojulis margaritaceus (Macleay 1883)

More Info


Ningaloo Reef to the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west Pacific (New Guinea and Philippines).
Inhabits seagrass beds, sand and rubble areas on coral reefs.

Species Citation

Platyglossus margaritaceus Macleay, 1883, Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W. 1 8(2): 274. Type locality: Hood Bay, New Guinea.


Bray, D.J. 2021


Atlas of Living Australia

Pinkspeckled Wrasse, Xenojulis margaritaceus (Macleay 1883)


Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls.

Bertoncini, A. 2010. Xenojulis margaritaceus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187701A8605875. Downloaded on 25 August 2021.

de Beaufort, L.F. 1939. Xenojulis, a new genus of labroid fishes. Philippines Journal of Science 69(4): 415-419 figs 1-3

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp.

Macleay, W.J. 1883. Contribution to the knowledge of the fishes of New Guinea. No. 4. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 8(2): 252-280 See ref at BHL

Moore, G.I., Morrison, S.M. & Johnson, J.W. 2020. The distribution of shallow marine fishes of the Kimberley, Western Australia, based on a long-term dataset and multiple methods. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 85: 105-115 + Appendix Tab. 1.

Randall, J.E. & Adamson, T.A. 1982. A review of the monotypic Indo-Malayan labrid fish genus Xenojulis. Pacific Science 36(1): 119-123 figs 1-4

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37384175

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:1-15 m

Fishing:Aquarium fish

Habitat:Reef associated

Max Size:10 cm SL

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Species Maps

CAAB distribution map