Rainford's Dartfish, Parioglossus rainfordi McCulloch 1921

Other Names: Cobra-fish, Stripetail Dartfish

Rainford's Dartfish, Parioglossus rainfordi, from Iriomote-jima I., Yaeyama Is., Ryukyu Is., Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, August 1991. Source: Toshiyuki Suzuki, Kanagawa Prefectrual Museum of Natural History / Atlas of Living Australia. License: CC by Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike

Cite this page as:
Bray, D.J. 2017, Parioglossus rainfordi in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Sep 2020,

Rainford's Dartfish, Parioglossus rainfordi McCulloch 1921

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Marchinbar Island, Northern Territory, and Cape York to Great Keppel Island Queensland. Elsewhere the species occurs in the tropical, west-central Pacific. Forms schools in estuaries around mangroves.

Species Citation

Parioglossus rainfordi McCulloch1921, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 46(4): 471, pl. 41(4). Type locality: Bowen, QLD. 


Bray, D.J. 2017


Australian Faunal Directory

Rainford's Dartfish, Parioglossus rainfordi McCulloch 1921


Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. 

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 

Marshall, T.C. 1964. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coastal Waters of Queensland. Sydney : Angus & Robertson 566 pp. 136 pls. 

McCulloch, A.R. 1921. Notes on and descriptions of Australian fishes. No. 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 46(4): 457-472 figs 1-3 pls 37-41

Myers, R.F. 1989. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Guam : Coral Graphics 298 pp. Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. A comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Guam : Coral Graphics vi 330 pp. 192 pls. 

Rennis, D.S. & Hoese, D.F. 1985. A review of the genus Parioglossus, with descriptions of six new species (Pisces : Gobioidei). Records of the Australian Museum 36: 169-201 figs 1-37. 

Wang, R. & Winterbottom, R. 2006. Osteology and phylogeny of Parioglossus (Teleostei, Gobioidei), with a revised key to the species. Zootaxa 1131: 1-32

Hoese, D. 2012. Parioglossus rainfordi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T196344A2447796. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T196344A2447796.en. Downloaded on 31 July 2017.

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37435014

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-5 m

Habitat:Estuaries, mangroves

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CAAB distribution map