Longraker Trevally, Ulua mentalis (Cuvier 1833)

Other Names: Cale Cale, Cale Cale Trevally, Longrakered Trevally, Long-rakered Trevally

A Longraker Trevally, Ulua mentalis. Source: John E. Randall / EOL. License: CC BY Attribution-Noncommercial

A deep-bodied bluish-green to olive-green trevally becoming silvery white below, with a diffuse dark blotch on the upper gill cover (faint or absent in small individuals), dusky to blackish first dorsal and caudal fins, and a protruding heavy lower jaw. Juveniles have 7-8 dark bands along the side, and the inside is silvery to white. The lower jaw extends forward beyond the upper jaw, and long gill rakers are present along the side of the tongue.

Cite this page as:
Ulua mentalis in Fishes of Australia, accessed 24 May 2024, https://fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/2998

Longraker Trevally, Ulua mentalis (Cuvier 1833)

More Info


Coral Bay, Western Australia, around the tropical north to Evans Head, New South Wales. Elsewhere the species is widespread in the tropical, Indo-west Pacific.
Inhabits shallow, coastal waters near reefs.


Dorsal fin VIII + I, 21-22; Anal fin II + I, 17-18; Gill rakers 23-27 + 51-61 = 74-86; Pelvic fin 10+14; Lateral line scutes (straight portion) 24-39.
Body deep, strongly compressed; dorsal and ventral profiles profile almost equally convex in juveniles, dorsal profile more strongly convex in adults; rear margin of upper jaw reaching to level of anterior margin of eye; teeth on jaws small, pointed, a single row in adults, an irregular row or a narrow band in juveniles. 
Chest naked to pectoral fin base and insertion of pelvic fins.
First dorsal fin with the posterior 2 or 3 spines, and the detached anal fin spines usually embedded. 


Body blue green to olive green above; silvery white below; diffuse dark blotch on upper operculum in large specimens, faint or absent in small. Cheeks, lower jaw, inside of mouth and tongue silver in small specimens. Spinous dorsal fin dusky to black; soft dorsal and soft anal fins dusky green; in large specimens, anterior lobes of both these fins dark; in small specimens, filamentous soft dorsal fin rays black, filamentous soft anal fin rays white; caudal fin dusky. Juveniles with 7-8 dark, vertical crossbands through body. 


Juveniles feed mostly on small, crustaceans, while adults consume both crustaceans and fishes. 


Of minor commercial importance in parts of its range.


The specific name mentalis is from the Latin mentum (= chin) and -alis (= of, like, related to, pertaining to) in reference to the protruding lower jaw of this species.

Species Citation

Caranx mentalis Cuvier, in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833, Histoire Naturelle des Poissons Vol. 9: 124. Type locality: Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea.


Atlas of Living Australia

Longraker Trevally, Ulua mentalis (Cuvier 1833)


Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. 

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp.

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. 

Bleeker, P. 1851. Over eenige nieuwe geslachten en soorten van Makreelachtige visschen van den Indischen Archipel. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië 1: 341-372 (described as Leioglossus carangoides)

Cuvier, G.L. in Cuvier, G.L. & Valenciennes, A. 1833. Histoire Naturelle des Poissons. Paris : Levrault Vol. 9 512 pp. pls 246-279. See ref at BHL

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp.

Gunn, J.S. 1990. Revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum Supplement 12: 1–77. https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0812-7387.12.1990.92

Johnson, J.W. 2010. Fishes of the Moreton Bay Marine Park and adjacent continental shelf waters, Queensland, Australia. pp. 299-353 in Davie, P.J.F. & Phillips, J.A. Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Marine Biological Workshop, The Marine Fauna and Flora of Moreton Bay. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 54(3) 

Jordan, D.S. & Snyder, J.O. 1908. Descriptions of three new species of carangoid fishes from Formosa. Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 4(2): 37-40 pls 51-53 (described as Ulua richardsoni)

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293

Macleay, W.J. 1882. Contribution to the knowledge of the fishes of New Guinea. No. 2. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1 7(3): 351-366 (described as Caranx mandibularis)

Motomura, H., Kimura, S. & Haraguchi, Y. 2007. Two Carangid Fishes (Actinopterygii: Perciformes), Caranx heberi and Ulua mentalis, from Kagoshima: the first records from Japan and northernmost records for the species. Species Diversity 12: 223-235 https://doi.org/10.12782/specdiv.12.223

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. 

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Williams, I. 2016. Ulua mentalis (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T46081422A115391667. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T46081422A46664514.en. Downloaded on 10 December 2020.

Stobutzki, I., Miller, M. & Brewer, D. 2001. Sustainability of fishery bycatch: A process for assessing highly diverse and numerous bycatch. Environmental Conservation 28(2): 167-181. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0376892901000170

Quick Facts

CAAB Code:37337048

Conservation:IUCN Least Concern

Depth:0-100 m

Habitat:Pelagic inshore

Max Size:100 cm TL

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