Duckbill Whiptail, Coelorinchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904


Coelorinchus-anatirostris. Source: Coelorinchus-anatirostris. License:

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Bray, D.J. & G. Frankham, Coelorinchus anatirostris in Fishes of Australia, accessed 22 Jun 2024,

Duckbill Whiptail, Coelorinchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904

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Temperate Western Pacific: known from off southern Japan to the East China Sea and off Queensland, Australia; benthopelagic on the continental slope at 300-550 m.


D II 8-10; P i14-17; V 7; GR (inner) 5-8; BR 6; PC 21-30.
Trunk stout, snout moderately long, broad, sharply pointed, tipped with small, short scute, anterolateral margin completely supported by bone; head ridges strong, supraoccipital scute present; underside of head naked except for two small scale patches sometimes in larger specimens, dorsal surface fully scaled, nasal fossa mostly scaled ventrally. Jaw teeth in broad bands, none enlarged; chin barbel short, fine. Body scales coarse, covered with five to eight slightly divergent, ridge-like rows of sharp, narrowly lanceolate to triangular spinules, median row strongest. Anus slightly before anal-fin origin; light organ small, naked fossa extending from anus to about midpoint between anal-fin origin and pelvic-fin base.


A relatively large species reaching a length of more than 43 cm.


Overall greyish, no distinctive markings; mouth and; fins dusky to black.


Carnivorous, feeding on small crustaceans and polychaete worms.


Caught as bycatch in commercial fisheries and marketed primarily as fishmeal.


Not assessed.

Species Citation

Coelorhynchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert, 1904, Bull. U.S. Fish Comm. for 1902 22: 619, fig., Misaki, Japan.


Bray, D.J. & G. Frankham

Duckbill Whiptail, Coelorinchus anatirostris Jordan & Gilbert 1904


Bray, D.J., D.F. Hoese, J.R. Paxton & J.E. Gates. 2006. Macrouridae (pp. 581-607). In Hoese, D.F., D.J. Bray, G.R. Allen, J.R. Paxton, P.L. Beesley & A. Wells (Eds.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. Fishes. CSIRO Publishing & the Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), 3 vols., 2248 pp.

Iwamoto, T. 1990. Family Macrouridae, pp. 90-318 In Cohen, D. M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto & N. Scialabba (eds.) FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiforms fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Rome: FAO Vol. 10, 442 pp.

Iwamoto, T. 1999. Order Gadiformes. In Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem. Species identification guide for fisheries purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Batoid fishes, chimeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome.

Iwamoto, T. & Merrett,  N.R. 1997. Pisces Gadiformes; Taxonomy of Grenadiers of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific, pp. 473-570 In Crosnier, A (ed.), Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, Volume 18.  Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., 176.

Jordan, D.S.  &  E.C. Starks. 1904. List of fishes dredged by the steamer Albatross off the coast of Japan in the summer of 1900, with descriptions of new species and a review of the Japanese Macrouridae. Bulletin of the U. S. Fish Commission 22[1902]: 577-630, Pls. 1-8.  

Merrett, N.R. & T. Iwamoto. 2000. Pisces Gadiformes: Grenadier fishes of the New Caledonian region, southwest Pacific Ocean. Taxonomy and distribution, with ecological notes. In: Crosnier, R. (ed). Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM,  21. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (N. S.) (Série A) Zoologie No. 184: 723-781.

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CAAB Code:37232121


Depth:450-1220 m



Max Size:430

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